Purpose: Relatively few data are available on long-term survival and incidence of ventricular arrhythmias in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) patients. We investigated long-term outcomes of CRT patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy stratified as responders or non-responders according to radionuclide angiography. Methods: Fifty patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy undergoing CRT were assessed by equilibrium Tc99 radionuclide angiography with bicycle exercise at baseline and after 3 months. Intra- and interventricular dyssynchrony were derived by Fourier phase analysis. Patient clinical outcome was assessed after 10 years. Results: At 3 months, 50% of patients were identified as CRT responders according to an increase in LV ejection fraction ≥ 5%. During a follow-up of 109 ± 48 months, 30% of patients died and 6% underwent heart transplantation. Age and history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were found to be predictors of all-cause mortality. CRT responders showed lower risk of death from cardiac causes than non-responders. At follow-up, 38% of patients presented at least one episode of sustained ventricular tachycardia, with a similar percentage between responders and non-responders. Conclusion: At long-term follow-up, non-ischemic CRT recipients identified as responders by radionuclide angiography were found to be at lower risk of worsening heart failure death than non-responders. Long-term risk for sustained ventricular arrhythmia was similar between CRT responders and non-responders.
Ten-year follow-up of cardiac resynchronization therapy patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy assessed by radionuclide angiography: a single-center cohort study / Valzania, C.; Massaro, G.; Spadotto, A.; Muraglia, L.; Frisoni, J.; Martignani, C.; Ziacchi, M.; Diemberger, I.; Fanti, S.; Boriani, G.; Biffi, M.; Galie, N.. - In: JOURNAL OF INTERVENTIONAL CARDIAC ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1383-875X. - (2022), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.1007/s10840-022-01117-z]