Over the last few years, much attention has been paid to phytocannabinoids derived from Cannabis for their therapeutic potential. ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (∆9-THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the most abundant compounds of the Cannabis sativa L. plant. Recently, novel phytocannabinoids, such as cannabidibutol (CBDB) and cannabidiphorol (CBDP), have been discovered. These new molecules exhibit the same terpenophenolic core of CBD and differ only for the length of the alkyl side chain. Roles of CBD homologs in physiological and pathological processes are emerging but the exact molecular mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the biological effects of the newly discovered CBDB or CBDP, compared to the well-known natural and synthetic CBD (nat CBD and syn CBD) in human breast carcinoma cells that express CB receptors. In detail, our data demonstrated that the treatment of cells with the novel phytocannabinoids affects cell viability, increases the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activates cellular pathways related to ROS signaling, as already demonstrated for natural CBD. Moreover, we observed that the biological activity is significantly increased upon combining CBD homologs with drugs that inhibit the activity of enzymes involved in the metabolism of endocannabinoids, such as the monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) inhibitor, or with drugs that induces the activation of cellular stress pathways, such as the phorbol ester 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA).

Oxidative stress and multi-organel damage induced by two novel phytocannabinoids, cbdb and cbdp, in breast cancer cells / Salbini, M.; Quarta, A.; Russo, F.; Giudetti, A. M.; Citti, C.; Cannazza, G.; Gigli, G.; Vergara, D.; Gaballo, A.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 26:18(2021), pp. 1-19. [10.3390/molecules26185576]

Oxidative stress and multi-organel damage induced by two novel phytocannabinoids, cbdb and cbdp, in breast cancer cells

Russo F.;Citti C.;Cannazza G.;
2021

Abstract

Over the last few years, much attention has been paid to phytocannabinoids derived from Cannabis for their therapeutic potential. ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (∆9-THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the most abundant compounds of the Cannabis sativa L. plant. Recently, novel phytocannabinoids, such as cannabidibutol (CBDB) and cannabidiphorol (CBDP), have been discovered. These new molecules exhibit the same terpenophenolic core of CBD and differ only for the length of the alkyl side chain. Roles of CBD homologs in physiological and pathological processes are emerging but the exact molecular mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the biological effects of the newly discovered CBDB or CBDP, compared to the well-known natural and synthetic CBD (nat CBD and syn CBD) in human breast carcinoma cells that express CB receptors. In detail, our data demonstrated that the treatment of cells with the novel phytocannabinoids affects cell viability, increases the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activates cellular pathways related to ROS signaling, as already demonstrated for natural CBD. Moreover, we observed that the biological activity is significantly increased upon combining CBD homologs with drugs that inhibit the activity of enzymes involved in the metabolism of endocannabinoids, such as the monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) inhibitor, or with drugs that induces the activation of cellular stress pathways, such as the phorbol ester 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA).
2021
26
18
1
19
Oxidative stress and multi-organel damage induced by two novel phytocannabinoids, cbdb and cbdp, in breast cancer cells / Salbini, M.; Quarta, A.; Russo, F.; Giudetti, A. M.; Citti, C.; Cannazza, G.; Gigli, G.; Vergara, D.; Gaballo, A.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 26:18(2021), pp. 1-19. [10.3390/molecules26185576]
Salbini, M.; Quarta, A.; Russo, F.; Giudetti, A. M.; Citti, C.; Cannazza, G.; Gigli, G.; Vergara, D.; Gaballo, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1277681
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