Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common clinical condition with symptoms and signs of vaginal inflammation in the presence of Candida species. At least one episode of VVC is experienced in up to 75% of women in the reproductive age group during their lifetime, and 5-8% of such women suffer from the chronic form. Most cases of VVC are still caused by C. albicans; however, the incidence of VVC cases by non-albicans (NAC) species, such as C. parapsilosisis, is continuously increasing. Despite the prevalence of VVC from NAC, to date little is known on these species, and almost nothing on the mechanisms that trigger the VVC. Lactobacillus spp. are the most represented microorganisms in the vaginal microbiota of healthy women. Here, cell-free supernatants (CFS) obtained from L. acidophilus, L. plantarum, L. rhamnosus, L. reuteri were assessed for their effect on C. parapsilosis virulence traits. Moreover, we assessed if such effect persists even after removal of the CFS (CFS-preincubation effect). Moreover, a transwell co-culture system was employed, by which the relevant antifungal effect was shown to be attributable to the compounds released by Lactobacilli. Our results suggests that Lactobacilli can work: a) by reducing C. parapsilosis virulence traits, as indicated by the reduced fungal proliferation, viability and metabolic activity and b) by improving epithelial resistance to the fungus. Overall, these data suggest that, in the context of vaginal microbiota, the Lactobacilli may play a role in preventing the onset of mucosal C. parapsilosis infection.

Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. plantarum, L. rhamnosus, and L. reuteri Cell-Free Supernatants Inhibit Candida parapsilosis Pathogenic Potential upon Infection of Vaginal Epithelial Cells Monolayer and in a Transwell Coculture System In Vitro / Spaggiari, L.; Sala, A.; Ardizzoni, A.; De Seta, F.; Singh, D. K.; Gacser, A.; Blasi, E.; Pericolini, E.. - In: MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM. - ISSN 2165-0497. - 10:3(2022), pp. 1-15. [10.1128/spectrum.02696-21]

Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. plantarum, L. rhamnosus, and L. reuteri Cell-Free Supernatants Inhibit Candida parapsilosis Pathogenic Potential upon Infection of Vaginal Epithelial Cells Monolayer and in a Transwell Coculture System In Vitro

Spaggiari L.;Sala A.;Ardizzoni A.;Blasi E.;Pericolini E.
2022

Abstract

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common clinical condition with symptoms and signs of vaginal inflammation in the presence of Candida species. At least one episode of VVC is experienced in up to 75% of women in the reproductive age group during their lifetime, and 5-8% of such women suffer from the chronic form. Most cases of VVC are still caused by C. albicans; however, the incidence of VVC cases by non-albicans (NAC) species, such as C. parapsilosisis, is continuously increasing. Despite the prevalence of VVC from NAC, to date little is known on these species, and almost nothing on the mechanisms that trigger the VVC. Lactobacillus spp. are the most represented microorganisms in the vaginal microbiota of healthy women. Here, cell-free supernatants (CFS) obtained from L. acidophilus, L. plantarum, L. rhamnosus, L. reuteri were assessed for their effect on C. parapsilosis virulence traits. Moreover, we assessed if such effect persists even after removal of the CFS (CFS-preincubation effect). Moreover, a transwell co-culture system was employed, by which the relevant antifungal effect was shown to be attributable to the compounds released by Lactobacilli. Our results suggests that Lactobacilli can work: a) by reducing C. parapsilosis virulence traits, as indicated by the reduced fungal proliferation, viability and metabolic activity and b) by improving epithelial resistance to the fungus. Overall, these data suggest that, in the context of vaginal microbiota, the Lactobacilli may play a role in preventing the onset of mucosal C. parapsilosis infection.
2022
2-mag-2022
10
3
1
15
Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. plantarum, L. rhamnosus, and L. reuteri Cell-Free Supernatants Inhibit Candida parapsilosis Pathogenic Potential upon Infection of Vaginal Epithelial Cells Monolayer and in a Transwell Coculture System In Vitro / Spaggiari, L.; Sala, A.; Ardizzoni, A.; De Seta, F.; Singh, D. K.; Gacser, A.; Blasi, E.; Pericolini, E.. - In: MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM. - ISSN 2165-0497. - 10:3(2022), pp. 1-15. [10.1128/spectrum.02696-21]
Spaggiari, L.; Sala, A.; Ardizzoni, A.; De Seta, F.; Singh, D. K.; Gacser, A.; Blasi, E.; Pericolini, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1274838
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