Objective The aim of this retrospective observational study is to analyse clinical, serological and radiological predictors of outcome in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia treated with tocilizumab, providing clinical guidance to its use in real-life. Method This is a retrospective, monocentric observational cohort study. All consecutive patients hospitalized between February the 11th and April 14th 2020 for severe COVID-19 pneumonia at Reggio Emilia AUSL and treated with tocilizumab were enrolled. The patient's clinical status was recorded every day using the WHO ordinal scale for clinical improvement. Response to treatment was defined as an improvement of one point (from the status at the beginning of tocilizumab treatment) during the follow-up on this scale. Bivariate association of main patients' characteristics with outcomes was explored by descriptive statistics and Fisher or Kruskal Wallis tests (respectively for qualitative or quantitative variables). Each clinically significant predictor was checked by a loglikelihood ratio test (in univariate logistic models for each of the considered outcomes) against the null model. Results A total of 173 patients were included. Only hypertension, the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, PaO2/FiO2, respiratory rate and C-reactive protein were selected for the multivariate analysis. In the multivariable model, none of them was significantly associated with response. Conclusions Evaluating a large number of clinical variables, our study did not find new predictors of outcome in COVID19 patients treated with tocilizumab. Further studies are needed to investigate the use of tocilizumab in COVID-19 and to better identify clinical phenotypes which could benefit from this treatment.

Predictive factors of clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19 treated with tocilizumab: A monocentric retrospective analysis / Cassone, G.; Dolci, G.; Besutti, G.; Braglia, L.; Pavone, P.; Corsini, R.; Sampaolesi, F.; Iotti, V.; Teopompi, E.; Massari, M.; Fontana, M.; Ghidoni, G.; Matei, A.; Croci, S.; Negri, E. A.; Costantini, N.; Facciolongo, N.; Salvarani, C.. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 17:1(2022), pp. e0262908-N/A. [10.1371/journal.pone.0262908]

Predictive factors of clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19 treated with tocilizumab: A monocentric retrospective analysis

Cassone G.;Dolci G.;Besutti G.;Pavone P.;Corsini R.;Matei A.;Salvarani C.
2022

Abstract

Objective The aim of this retrospective observational study is to analyse clinical, serological and radiological predictors of outcome in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia treated with tocilizumab, providing clinical guidance to its use in real-life. Method This is a retrospective, monocentric observational cohort study. All consecutive patients hospitalized between February the 11th and April 14th 2020 for severe COVID-19 pneumonia at Reggio Emilia AUSL and treated with tocilizumab were enrolled. The patient's clinical status was recorded every day using the WHO ordinal scale for clinical improvement. Response to treatment was defined as an improvement of one point (from the status at the beginning of tocilizumab treatment) during the follow-up on this scale. Bivariate association of main patients' characteristics with outcomes was explored by descriptive statistics and Fisher or Kruskal Wallis tests (respectively for qualitative or quantitative variables). Each clinically significant predictor was checked by a loglikelihood ratio test (in univariate logistic models for each of the considered outcomes) against the null model. Results A total of 173 patients were included. Only hypertension, the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, PaO2/FiO2, respiratory rate and C-reactive protein were selected for the multivariate analysis. In the multivariable model, none of them was significantly associated with response. Conclusions Evaluating a large number of clinical variables, our study did not find new predictors of outcome in COVID19 patients treated with tocilizumab. Further studies are needed to investigate the use of tocilizumab in COVID-19 and to better identify clinical phenotypes which could benefit from this treatment.
17
1
e0262908
N/A
Predictive factors of clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19 treated with tocilizumab: A monocentric retrospective analysis / Cassone, G.; Dolci, G.; Besutti, G.; Braglia, L.; Pavone, P.; Corsini, R.; Sampaolesi, F.; Iotti, V.; Teopompi, E.; Massari, M.; Fontana, M.; Ghidoni, G.; Matei, A.; Croci, S.; Negri, E. A.; Costantini, N.; Facciolongo, N.; Salvarani, C.. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 17:1(2022), pp. e0262908-N/A. [10.1371/journal.pone.0262908]
Cassone, G.; Dolci, G.; Besutti, G.; Braglia, L.; Pavone, P.; Corsini, R.; Sampaolesi, F.; Iotti, V.; Teopompi, E.; Massari, M.; Fontana, M.; Ghidoni, G.; Matei, A.; Croci, S.; Negri, E. A.; Costantini, N.; Facciolongo, N.; Salvarani, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1274763
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