Knowledge of the growth and maturation of human antral follicles is based mainly on concepts and deductions from clinical observations and animal models. To date, new experimental approaches and in vitro data contributed to a deep comprehension of gonadotropin receptors’ functioning and may provide new insights into the mechanisms regulating still unclear physiological events. Among these, the production of androgen in the absence of proper LH levels, the programming of follicular atresia and dominance are some of the most intriguing. Starting from evolutionary issues at the basis of the gonadotropin receptor signal specificity, we draw a new hypothesis explaining the molecular mechanisms of the antral follicular growth, based on the modulation of endocrine signals by receptor-receptor interactions. The “heteromer hypothesis” explains how opposite death and life signals are delivered by gonadotropin receptors and other membrane partners, mediating steroidogenesis, apoptotic events, and the maturation of the dominant follicle.

Regulation of antral follicular growth by an interplay between gonadotropins and their receptors / Casarini, L.; Paradiso, E.; Lazzaretti, C.; D'Alessandro, S.; Roy, N.; Mascolo, E.; Zareba, K.; Garcia-Gasca, A.; Simoni, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF ASSISTED REPRODUCTION AND GENETICS. - ISSN 1058-0468. - (2022), pp. 1-12. [10.1007/s10815-022-02456-6]

Regulation of antral follicular growth by an interplay between gonadotropins and their receptors

Casarini L.;Paradiso E.;Lazzaretti C.;D'Alessandro S.;Roy N.;Mascolo E.;Simoni M.
2022

Abstract

Knowledge of the growth and maturation of human antral follicles is based mainly on concepts and deductions from clinical observations and animal models. To date, new experimental approaches and in vitro data contributed to a deep comprehension of gonadotropin receptors’ functioning and may provide new insights into the mechanisms regulating still unclear physiological events. Among these, the production of androgen in the absence of proper LH levels, the programming of follicular atresia and dominance are some of the most intriguing. Starting from evolutionary issues at the basis of the gonadotropin receptor signal specificity, we draw a new hypothesis explaining the molecular mechanisms of the antral follicular growth, based on the modulation of endocrine signals by receptor-receptor interactions. The “heteromer hypothesis” explains how opposite death and life signals are delivered by gonadotropin receptors and other membrane partners, mediating steroidogenesis, apoptotic events, and the maturation of the dominant follicle.
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Regulation of antral follicular growth by an interplay between gonadotropins and their receptors / Casarini, L.; Paradiso, E.; Lazzaretti, C.; D'Alessandro, S.; Roy, N.; Mascolo, E.; Zareba, K.; Garcia-Gasca, A.; Simoni, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF ASSISTED REPRODUCTION AND GENETICS. - ISSN 1058-0468. - (2022), pp. 1-12. [10.1007/s10815-022-02456-6]
Casarini, L.; Paradiso, E.; Lazzaretti, C.; D'Alessandro, S.; Roy, N.; Mascolo, E.; Zareba, K.; Garcia-Gasca, A.; Simoni, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1272657
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