Purpose: The aim of our study is to evaluate the number and the features of admissions to the emergency room (ER) requiring psychiatric consultation, in the period between May 4th and August 31st 2020. Methods: We carried out a retrospective longitudinal observational study examining the 4 months following the initial lockdown imposed during the COVID-19 outbreak (May 4th and August 31st 2020). More specifically, the ER admissions leading to psychiatric referral were reviewed at all seven public hospitals of AUSL Romagna (Emilia Romagna region, Italy). Socio-demographic variables, history of medical comorbidities or psychiatric disorders, reason for ER admission, psychiatric diagnosis at discharge, and actions taken by the psychiatrist were collected. Results: An 11.3% (p = 0.007) increase in psychiatric assessments was observed when compared with the same period of the previous year (2019). A positive personal history of psychiatric disorders (OR:0.68, CI: 0.53–0.87) and assessments leading to no indication for follow-up (OR: 0.22, CI: 0.13–0.39) were significantly less frequent, while there was a significant increase of cases featuring organic comorbidities (OR: 1.24, CI: 1.00–1.52) and suicidal ideation/self-harm/suicide attempt (OR: 1,71, CI: 1.19–2.45) or psychomotor agitation (OR: 1.46, CI: 1.02–2.07) as reason for admission. Conclusions: Our results showed an increase in ER psychiatric consultations compared to the previous year, underlying the increased psychological distress caused by the lockdown.

Mid-term psychiatric consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic: a 4 months observational study on emergency room admissions for psychiatric evaluation after the (first) lockdown period in Italy / Beghi, M.; Ferrari, S.; Biondi, L.; Brandolini, R.; Corsini, C.; De Paoli, G.; Sant'Angelo, R. P.; Fraticelli, C.; Casolaro, I.; Zinchuk, M.; Pashnin, E.; Urh, L.; Castelpietra, G.; Cornaggia, C. M.. - In: SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY. - ISSN 0933-7954. - 57:6(2022), pp. 1283-1289. [10.1007/s00127-022-02262-6]

Mid-term psychiatric consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic: a 4 months observational study on emergency room admissions for psychiatric evaluation after the (first) lockdown period in Italy

Ferrari S.;
2022

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of our study is to evaluate the number and the features of admissions to the emergency room (ER) requiring psychiatric consultation, in the period between May 4th and August 31st 2020. Methods: We carried out a retrospective longitudinal observational study examining the 4 months following the initial lockdown imposed during the COVID-19 outbreak (May 4th and August 31st 2020). More specifically, the ER admissions leading to psychiatric referral were reviewed at all seven public hospitals of AUSL Romagna (Emilia Romagna region, Italy). Socio-demographic variables, history of medical comorbidities or psychiatric disorders, reason for ER admission, psychiatric diagnosis at discharge, and actions taken by the psychiatrist were collected. Results: An 11.3% (p = 0.007) increase in psychiatric assessments was observed when compared with the same period of the previous year (2019). A positive personal history of psychiatric disorders (OR:0.68, CI: 0.53–0.87) and assessments leading to no indication for follow-up (OR: 0.22, CI: 0.13–0.39) were significantly less frequent, while there was a significant increase of cases featuring organic comorbidities (OR: 1.24, CI: 1.00–1.52) and suicidal ideation/self-harm/suicide attempt (OR: 1,71, CI: 1.19–2.45) or psychomotor agitation (OR: 1.46, CI: 1.02–2.07) as reason for admission. Conclusions: Our results showed an increase in ER psychiatric consultations compared to the previous year, underlying the increased psychological distress caused by the lockdown.
2022
57
6
1283
1289
Mid-term psychiatric consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic: a 4 months observational study on emergency room admissions for psychiatric evaluation after the (first) lockdown period in Italy / Beghi, M.; Ferrari, S.; Biondi, L.; Brandolini, R.; Corsini, C.; De Paoli, G.; Sant'Angelo, R. P.; Fraticelli, C.; Casolaro, I.; Zinchuk, M.; Pashnin, E.; Urh, L.; Castelpietra, G.; Cornaggia, C. M.. - In: SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY. - ISSN 0933-7954. - 57:6(2022), pp. 1283-1289. [10.1007/s00127-022-02262-6]
Beghi, M.; Ferrari, S.; Biondi, L.; Brandolini, R.; Corsini, C.; De Paoli, G.; Sant'Angelo, R. P.; Fraticelli, C.; Casolaro, I.; Zinchuk, M.; Pashnin, E.; Urh, L.; Castelpietra, G.; Cornaggia, C. M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1272219
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