Recent literature shows that the Coronovirus-19 (COVID-19) pandemic has provoked significant changes in dreaming. The current study intends to provide an update about dream variable changes during the second wave of COVID-19. A total of 611 participants completed a web survey from December 2020 to January 2021. Statistical comparisons showed that subjects had lower dream-recall frequency, nightmare frequency, lucid-dream frequency, emotional intensity, and nightmare distress during the second than the first wave of the pandemic. Dreams had a higher negative tone during the second than first wave. We revealed significant differences concerning post-traumatic growth, sleep-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and sleep measures between groups obtained as a function of the changes in the oneiric frequency between the first and second waves. We also found significant correlations between qualitative/emotional dream features and COVID-19-related factors (job change, forced quarantine, having COVID-19 infected relatives/friends, or asking for mental health help). Overall, we found that the second wave affected fewer quantitative features of dream activity and there was less emotional intensity. Moreover, we confirmed the relationship between nightmares and the high risk of PTSD when subjects were grouped as a function of the increasing/decreasing frequency. Finally, our findings are partly coherent with the continuity hypothesis between oneiric and waking experiences.

Dreams and nightmares during the first and second wave of the covid-19 infection: A longitudinal study / Scarpelli, S.; Alfonsi, V.; Gorgoni, M.; Musetti, A.; Filosa, M.; Quattropani, M. C.; Lenzo, V.; Vegni, E.; Borghi, L.; Margherita, G.; Freda, M. F.; Saita, E.; Cattivelli, R.; Castelnuovo, G.; Manari, T.; Plazzi, G.; De Gennaro, L.; Franceschini, C.. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - 11:11(2021), pp. 1-14. [10.3390/brainsci11111375]

Dreams and nightmares during the first and second wave of the covid-19 infection: A longitudinal study

Filosa M.;Plazzi G.;
2021

Abstract

Recent literature shows that the Coronovirus-19 (COVID-19) pandemic has provoked significant changes in dreaming. The current study intends to provide an update about dream variable changes during the second wave of COVID-19. A total of 611 participants completed a web survey from December 2020 to January 2021. Statistical comparisons showed that subjects had lower dream-recall frequency, nightmare frequency, lucid-dream frequency, emotional intensity, and nightmare distress during the second than the first wave of the pandemic. Dreams had a higher negative tone during the second than first wave. We revealed significant differences concerning post-traumatic growth, sleep-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and sleep measures between groups obtained as a function of the changes in the oneiric frequency between the first and second waves. We also found significant correlations between qualitative/emotional dream features and COVID-19-related factors (job change, forced quarantine, having COVID-19 infected relatives/friends, or asking for mental health help). Overall, we found that the second wave affected fewer quantitative features of dream activity and there was less emotional intensity. Moreover, we confirmed the relationship between nightmares and the high risk of PTSD when subjects were grouped as a function of the increasing/decreasing frequency. Finally, our findings are partly coherent with the continuity hypothesis between oneiric and waking experiences.
2021
11
11
1
14
Dreams and nightmares during the first and second wave of the covid-19 infection: A longitudinal study / Scarpelli, S.; Alfonsi, V.; Gorgoni, M.; Musetti, A.; Filosa, M.; Quattropani, M. C.; Lenzo, V.; Vegni, E.; Borghi, L.; Margherita, G.; Freda, M. F.; Saita, E.; Cattivelli, R.; Castelnuovo, G.; Manari, T.; Plazzi, G.; De Gennaro, L.; Franceschini, C.. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - 11:11(2021), pp. 1-14. [10.3390/brainsci11111375]
Scarpelli, S.; Alfonsi, V.; Gorgoni, M.; Musetti, A.; Filosa, M.; Quattropani, M. C.; Lenzo, V.; Vegni, E.; Borghi, L.; Margherita, G.; Freda, M. F.; ...espandi
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
brainsci-11-01375-v2.pdf

Open access

Tipologia: Versione pubblicata dall'editore
Dimensione 759.95 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
759.95 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1270928
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 8
  • Scopus 20
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact