Background: The advancement of Assisted Reproductive Technologies and the improvement in sperm freezing made male fertility preservation widely available. This study aims to evaluate the impact of cancer diseases on semen parameters before cryopreservation and the reproductive outcomes of patients who have thawed their semen samples. Methods: An observational, cohort study was conducted on cancer patients submitted to fertility preservation in AUSL-IRCCS of Reggio Emilia between 2007 and 2018. Semen samples were collected before cancer treatments, analysed and frozen by rapid freezing. On request, these samples were thawed for Assisted Reproductive Technologies procedures. Semen parameters were compared between testicular versus other cancers. Results: we included 329 patients with a successful cryopreservation in 94.5% of cases. Testicular cancer was associated with lower sperm volumes (p=0.041) and lower total sperm concentration (p=0.009) compared to other cancers. No difference was observed about sperm motility and morphology, while oligozoospermia was significantly more frequent in men with testicular cancer (p<0.001). In our cohort, the 8.4% of patients thawed their samples; the usage rate and the embryo transfer rate were significantly higher (p<0.05) among those with a testicular cancer, while pregnancy and livebirth rates did not differ. Conclusions: male fertility preservation is feasible, easy to be performed, non-invasive and does not delay cancer treatments. Men affected by testicular cancer had worse semen parameters at cryopreservation but pregnancy and livebirth rates were similar to those achieved by men with other cancers and similar to those achieved with fresh sperm.

Semen cryopreservation in men undergoing cancer treatment: a ten-year study / Melli, Beatrice; Morini, Daria; Daolio, Jessica; Nicoli, Alessia; Valli, Barbara; Capodanno, Francesco; Spaggiari, Giorgia; Aguzzoli, Lorenzo; Villani, Maria Teresa; Santi, Daniele; Sileo, Filomena G. - In: MINERVA OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY. - ISSN 2724-6450. - 75:3(2023), pp. 227-235. [10.23736/S2724-606X.22.04994-6]

Semen cryopreservation in men undergoing cancer treatment: a ten-year study

Melli, Beatrice;Spaggiari, Giorgia;Santi, Daniele;Sileo, Filomena G
2023

Abstract

Background: The advancement of Assisted Reproductive Technologies and the improvement in sperm freezing made male fertility preservation widely available. This study aims to evaluate the impact of cancer diseases on semen parameters before cryopreservation and the reproductive outcomes of patients who have thawed their semen samples. Methods: An observational, cohort study was conducted on cancer patients submitted to fertility preservation in AUSL-IRCCS of Reggio Emilia between 2007 and 2018. Semen samples were collected before cancer treatments, analysed and frozen by rapid freezing. On request, these samples were thawed for Assisted Reproductive Technologies procedures. Semen parameters were compared between testicular versus other cancers. Results: we included 329 patients with a successful cryopreservation in 94.5% of cases. Testicular cancer was associated with lower sperm volumes (p=0.041) and lower total sperm concentration (p=0.009) compared to other cancers. No difference was observed about sperm motility and morphology, while oligozoospermia was significantly more frequent in men with testicular cancer (p<0.001). In our cohort, the 8.4% of patients thawed their samples; the usage rate and the embryo transfer rate were significantly higher (p<0.05) among those with a testicular cancer, while pregnancy and livebirth rates did not differ. Conclusions: male fertility preservation is feasible, easy to be performed, non-invasive and does not delay cancer treatments. Men affected by testicular cancer had worse semen parameters at cryopreservation but pregnancy and livebirth rates were similar to those achieved by men with other cancers and similar to those achieved with fresh sperm.
2023
75
3
227
235
Semen cryopreservation in men undergoing cancer treatment: a ten-year study / Melli, Beatrice; Morini, Daria; Daolio, Jessica; Nicoli, Alessia; Valli, Barbara; Capodanno, Francesco; Spaggiari, Giorgia; Aguzzoli, Lorenzo; Villani, Maria Teresa; Santi, Daniele; Sileo, Filomena G. - In: MINERVA OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY. - ISSN 2724-6450. - 75:3(2023), pp. 227-235. [10.23736/S2724-606X.22.04994-6]
Melli, Beatrice; Morini, Daria; Daolio, Jessica; Nicoli, Alessia; Valli, Barbara; Capodanno, Francesco; Spaggiari, Giorgia; Aguzzoli, Lorenzo; Villani, Maria Teresa; Santi, Daniele; Sileo, Filomena G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1270379
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