: PRAME (PReferentially expressed Antigen in MElanoma), a cancer testis antigen expressed in low levels in gonadal, endometrial, and adrenal gland tissues, has been recently considered a valuable tool in the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant melanocytic lesions. The aim of the current study is to perform PRAME immunostaining on a large series of benign and malignant acral lesions to evaluate the reproducibility of data reported in the literature and to validate PRAME as an affordable tool in the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant acral melanocytic tumors. Immunohistochemical analysis for PRAME was performed in 127 benign and malignant acral and nail melanocytic lesions. To better correlate PRAME expression with the nature (benign vs. malignant) of the lesions, we categorized PRAME tumor cells percentage positivity and intensity in a cumulative score obtained by adding the quartile of positive tumor cells (0, 1+, 2+, 3+, 4+) to PRAME expression intensity in tumor cells (0, 1+, 2+, 3+). Adopting an arbitrary PRAME expression score of < 5 versus ≥5 resulted in a correct identification of 82.5% of benign and 87.1% of malignant lesions. PRAME immunohistochemistry demonstrated good sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of acral melanocytic lesions, however, in line with the previous literature, we identified a subset of challenging cases such as acral Spitz nevi, in situ melanomas, and small, thin, invasive melanomas in which PRAME did not correlate with morphologic features. This suggests that PRAME can be a valid tool to be incorporated in a diagnostic clinicopathologic algorithm, subject to morphologic characteristics.

Comparative Analysis of PRAME Expression in 127 Acral and Nail Melanocytic Lesions / Santandrea, Giacomo; Valli, Riccardo; Zanetti, Eleonora; Ragazzi, Moira; Pampena, Riccardo; Longo, Caterina; Lai, Michela; Piana, Simonetta; Cesinaro, Anna M. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0147-5185. - 46:5(2022), pp. 579-590. [10.1097/PAS.0000000000001878]

Comparative Analysis of PRAME Expression in 127 Acral and Nail Melanocytic Lesions

Ragazzi, Moira;Pampena, Riccardo;Longo, Caterina;Lai, Michela;
2022

Abstract

: PRAME (PReferentially expressed Antigen in MElanoma), a cancer testis antigen expressed in low levels in gonadal, endometrial, and adrenal gland tissues, has been recently considered a valuable tool in the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant melanocytic lesions. The aim of the current study is to perform PRAME immunostaining on a large series of benign and malignant acral lesions to evaluate the reproducibility of data reported in the literature and to validate PRAME as an affordable tool in the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant acral melanocytic tumors. Immunohistochemical analysis for PRAME was performed in 127 benign and malignant acral and nail melanocytic lesions. To better correlate PRAME expression with the nature (benign vs. malignant) of the lesions, we categorized PRAME tumor cells percentage positivity and intensity in a cumulative score obtained by adding the quartile of positive tumor cells (0, 1+, 2+, 3+, 4+) to PRAME expression intensity in tumor cells (0, 1+, 2+, 3+). Adopting an arbitrary PRAME expression score of < 5 versus ≥5 resulted in a correct identification of 82.5% of benign and 87.1% of malignant lesions. PRAME immunohistochemistry demonstrated good sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of acral melanocytic lesions, however, in line with the previous literature, we identified a subset of challenging cases such as acral Spitz nevi, in situ melanomas, and small, thin, invasive melanomas in which PRAME did not correlate with morphologic features. This suggests that PRAME can be a valid tool to be incorporated in a diagnostic clinicopathologic algorithm, subject to morphologic characteristics.
2022
46
5
579
590
Comparative Analysis of PRAME Expression in 127 Acral and Nail Melanocytic Lesions / Santandrea, Giacomo; Valli, Riccardo; Zanetti, Eleonora; Ragazzi, Moira; Pampena, Riccardo; Longo, Caterina; Lai, Michela; Piana, Simonetta; Cesinaro, Anna M. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0147-5185. - 46:5(2022), pp. 579-590. [10.1097/PAS.0000000000001878]
Santandrea, Giacomo; Valli, Riccardo; Zanetti, Eleonora; Ragazzi, Moira; Pampena, Riccardo; Longo, Caterina; Lai, Michela; Piana, Simonetta; Cesinaro, Anna M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1270328
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