The evaluation of the heat transfer coefficient between hot gases and biomass particles is not easy to estimate because of the concomitance of exothermic and endothermic reactions. However, a proper evaluation of this coefficient is fundamental to design pyrolysis apparatus. This paper presents an experimental study regarding wood pellets heating up in a batch reactor using hot exhaust gases from an engine. Temperature and flow of hot gases entering the reactor were measured over time. A first test was carried out using hemp hurd pellets with 15% of sawdust, and a second one using the carbonized pellets obtained from the previous test. Fresh pellets have a higher thermal capacity compared to carbonized pellets that is almost inert and follow a more regular heating trend. Heat transfer was calculated considering the energy released by the exhaust passing through the biomass as the sum of the energy absorbed by the pellets and the thermal losses. Convection is the predominant heat transfer mechanism and the convective heat transfer coefficient was evaluated. Finally, the energy for the pyrolysis of 1 kg of fuel was evaluated. About 0.7 kWh/kg are necessary to pyrolyze this kind of pellets while an heat transfer coefficient of 110 W/(m2K) was estimated for the inert packed bed.

Experimental heat transfer evaluation in a porous media / Pedrazzi, S.; Allesina, G.; Puglia, M.; Morselli, N.; Ottani, F.; Parenti, M.; Tartarini, P.. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONFERENCE SERIES. - ISSN 1742-6588. - 1868:1(2021), p. 012016. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 2020 Italian Union of Thermo-Fluid Dynamics Seminar on Heat Transfer, UIT-HTS 2020 tenutosi a ita nel 2020 [10.1088/1742-6596/1868/1/012016].

Experimental heat transfer evaluation in a porous media

Pedrazzi S.
;
Allesina G.;Puglia M.
;
Morselli N.;Ottani F.;Parenti M.;Tartarini P.
2021

Abstract

The evaluation of the heat transfer coefficient between hot gases and biomass particles is not easy to estimate because of the concomitance of exothermic and endothermic reactions. However, a proper evaluation of this coefficient is fundamental to design pyrolysis apparatus. This paper presents an experimental study regarding wood pellets heating up in a batch reactor using hot exhaust gases from an engine. Temperature and flow of hot gases entering the reactor were measured over time. A first test was carried out using hemp hurd pellets with 15% of sawdust, and a second one using the carbonized pellets obtained from the previous test. Fresh pellets have a higher thermal capacity compared to carbonized pellets that is almost inert and follow a more regular heating trend. Heat transfer was calculated considering the energy released by the exhaust passing through the biomass as the sum of the energy absorbed by the pellets and the thermal losses. Convection is the predominant heat transfer mechanism and the convective heat transfer coefficient was evaluated. Finally, the energy for the pyrolysis of 1 kg of fuel was evaluated. About 0.7 kWh/kg are necessary to pyrolyze this kind of pellets while an heat transfer coefficient of 110 W/(m2K) was estimated for the inert packed bed.
2020 Italian Union of Thermo-Fluid Dynamics Seminar on Heat Transfer, UIT-HTS 2020
ita
2020
1868
012016
Pedrazzi, S.; Allesina, G.; Puglia, M.; Morselli, N.; Ottani, F.; Parenti, M.; Tartarini, P.
Experimental heat transfer evaluation in a porous media / Pedrazzi, S.; Allesina, G.; Puglia, M.; Morselli, N.; Ottani, F.; Parenti, M.; Tartarini, P.. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONFERENCE SERIES. - ISSN 1742-6588. - 1868:1(2021), p. 012016. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 2020 Italian Union of Thermo-Fluid Dynamics Seminar on Heat Transfer, UIT-HTS 2020 tenutosi a ita nel 2020 [10.1088/1742-6596/1868/1/012016].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1265972
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