This work investigates the effects of gasification biochar on the thermal behavior of organic municipal waste composting. Two different biochar granulometries were mixed in a 3% w/w share with the organic fraction of municipal waste and tested in nine (three per thesis and three as control) reactors of 1 m3 of volume, designed to simulate full-scale aerated static piles. The temperatures of each composter were monitored for 31 days of the active composting phase and used as key parameters for air flow tuning. After the active phase was completed, the air was turned off and the temperatures were monitored for an additional 31 days during compost maturation. Results show that biochar-aided composters run 4 °C hotter and are more stable in temperature compared to the control thesis. Experimental data were used as a basis for thermal energy modeling: the addition of fine biochar to composting material increased the thermal energy production by 0.5 MJ kg−1 compared to the control thesis; coarse biochar increased the thermal energy production by 0.4 MJ kg−1. The standard composting process, without biochar, produced 2.5 MJ kg−1. Results might serve as a starting point for further considerations in terms of composting time reduction, improvement of the final product and reduction of process related issues, such as undesired anaerobic decomposition, leachate production and temperature instability.

Impacts of gasification biochar and its particle size on the thermal behavior of organic waste co-composting process / Ottani, F.; Parenti, M.; Pedrazzi, S.; Moscatelli, G.; Allesina, G.. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - 817:(2022), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153022]

Impacts of gasification biochar and its particle size on the thermal behavior of organic waste co-composting process

Ottani F.
;
Parenti M.;Pedrazzi S.;Allesina G.
2022

Abstract

This work investigates the effects of gasification biochar on the thermal behavior of organic municipal waste composting. Two different biochar granulometries were mixed in a 3% w/w share with the organic fraction of municipal waste and tested in nine (three per thesis and three as control) reactors of 1 m3 of volume, designed to simulate full-scale aerated static piles. The temperatures of each composter were monitored for 31 days of the active composting phase and used as key parameters for air flow tuning. After the active phase was completed, the air was turned off and the temperatures were monitored for an additional 31 days during compost maturation. Results show that biochar-aided composters run 4 °C hotter and are more stable in temperature compared to the control thesis. Experimental data were used as a basis for thermal energy modeling: the addition of fine biochar to composting material increased the thermal energy production by 0.5 MJ kg−1 compared to the control thesis; coarse biochar increased the thermal energy production by 0.4 MJ kg−1. The standard composting process, without biochar, produced 2.5 MJ kg−1. Results might serve as a starting point for further considerations in terms of composting time reduction, improvement of the final product and reduction of process related issues, such as undesired anaerobic decomposition, leachate production and temperature instability.
2022
817
N/A
N/A
Impacts of gasification biochar and its particle size on the thermal behavior of organic waste co-composting process / Ottani, F.; Parenti, M.; Pedrazzi, S.; Moscatelli, G.; Allesina, G.. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - 817:(2022), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153022]
Ottani, F.; Parenti, M.; Pedrazzi, S.; Moscatelli, G.; Allesina, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1265967
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