Numerical experiments on the turbulent entrainment and mixing of scalars in a incompressible flow have been performed. These simulations are based on a scale decomposition of the velocity field, thus allowing the establishment from a dynamic point of view of the evolution of scalar fields under the separate action of large-scale coherent motions and small-scale fluctuations. The turbulent spectrum can be split into active and inactive flow structures. The large-scale engulfment phenomena actively prescribe the mixing velocity by amplifying inertial fluxes and by setting the area and the fluctuating geometry of the scalar interface. On the contrary, small-scale isotropic nibbling phenomena are essentially inactive in the mixing process. It is found that the inertial mechanisms initiate the process of entrainment at large scales to be finally processed by scalar diffusion at the molecular level. This last stage does not prescribe the amount of mixing but adapts itself to the conditions imposed by the coherent anisotropic motion at large scales. The present results may have strong repercussions for the theoretical approach to scalar mixing, as anticipated here by simple heuristic arguments which are shown able to reveal the rich dynamics of the process. Interesting repercussions are also envisaged for turbulence closures, in particular for large-eddy simulation approaches where only the large scales of the velocity field are resolved.

Numerical experiments on turbulent entrainment and mixing of scalars / Cimarelli, A.; Boga, G.. - In: JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS. - ISSN 0022-1120. - 927:(2021), pp. 1-25. [10.1017/jfm.2021.779]

Numerical experiments on turbulent entrainment and mixing of scalars

Cimarelli A.
;
Boga G.
2021

Abstract

Numerical experiments on the turbulent entrainment and mixing of scalars in a incompressible flow have been performed. These simulations are based on a scale decomposition of the velocity field, thus allowing the establishment from a dynamic point of view of the evolution of scalar fields under the separate action of large-scale coherent motions and small-scale fluctuations. The turbulent spectrum can be split into active and inactive flow structures. The large-scale engulfment phenomena actively prescribe the mixing velocity by amplifying inertial fluxes and by setting the area and the fluctuating geometry of the scalar interface. On the contrary, small-scale isotropic nibbling phenomena are essentially inactive in the mixing process. It is found that the inertial mechanisms initiate the process of entrainment at large scales to be finally processed by scalar diffusion at the molecular level. This last stage does not prescribe the amount of mixing but adapts itself to the conditions imposed by the coherent anisotropic motion at large scales. The present results may have strong repercussions for the theoretical approach to scalar mixing, as anticipated here by simple heuristic arguments which are shown able to reveal the rich dynamics of the process. Interesting repercussions are also envisaged for turbulence closures, in particular for large-eddy simulation approaches where only the large scales of the velocity field are resolved.
2021
927
1
25
Numerical experiments on turbulent entrainment and mixing of scalars / Cimarelli, A.; Boga, G.. - In: JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS. - ISSN 0022-1120. - 927:(2021), pp. 1-25. [10.1017/jfm.2021.779]
Cimarelli, A.; Boga, G.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Interf_prop.pdf

Open access

Tipologia: Versione pubblicata dall'editore
Dimensione 2.69 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.69 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1262919
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact