We present empirical evidence on the relationship between military spending and the expansion of other governmental budgetary heading and tax revenues from the Unification of Italy (1861) up to the end of World War II. Mainly in the years preceding 1922, investments in education and social transfers to families moves together with the defense spending. That is, positive changes in defense implies both an increase in education and in transfers. Moreover, transfers also have a compensatory role during recessive phases. Positive changes in defence do not crowd out the investment in capital spending, while disinvestments in defense are associated with an increase in the investment in capital. The pro-cyclical behavior of the tax revenues is compatible with a debt financing dynamic of many government expenditures. Although our analytic narrative is not universally valid, it can support the persistent centrality of external war in the discontinuous development and expansion of the Italian central State, with some exceptions explained by the historical experience.

Incerpi, A., B., Pistoresi e F., Salsano. "Does War Make States? Military Spending and the Italian State building, 1861-1945" Working paper, DEMB WORKING PAPER SERIES, Dipartimento di Economia Marco Biagi - Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, 2022. https://doi.org/10.25431/11380_1259881

Does War Make States? Military Spending and the Italian State building, 1861-1945

Pistoresi, B.;
2022

Abstract

We present empirical evidence on the relationship between military spending and the expansion of other governmental budgetary heading and tax revenues from the Unification of Italy (1861) up to the end of World War II. Mainly in the years preceding 1922, investments in education and social transfers to families moves together with the defense spending. That is, positive changes in defense implies both an increase in education and in transfers. Moreover, transfers also have a compensatory role during recessive phases. Positive changes in defence do not crowd out the investment in capital spending, while disinvestments in defense are associated with an increase in the investment in capital. The pro-cyclical behavior of the tax revenues is compatible with a debt financing dynamic of many government expenditures. Although our analytic narrative is not universally valid, it can support the persistent centrality of external war in the discontinuous development and expansion of the Italian central State, with some exceptions explained by the historical experience.
Febbraio
Incerpi, A.; Pistoresi, B.; Salsano, F.
Incerpi, A., B., Pistoresi e F., Salsano. "Does War Make States? Military Spending and the Italian State building, 1861-1945" Working paper, DEMB WORKING PAPER SERIES, Dipartimento di Economia Marco Biagi - Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, 2022. https://doi.org/10.25431/11380_1259881
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1259881
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