: To better understand the mechanisms at the basis of neutrophil functions during SARS-CoV-2 we studied patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia. They had high blood proportion of degranulated neutrophils and elevated plasma levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), elastase and MPO-DNA complexes, which are typical markers of neutrophil extracellular traps (NET). Their neutrophils display dysfunctional mitochondria, defective oxidative burst, increased glycolysis, glycogen accumulation in the cytoplasm, and increase glycogenolysis. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (ΗΙF-1α) is stabilized in such cells, and it controls the level of glycogen phosphorylase L (PYGL), a key enzyme in glycogenolysis. Inhibiting PYGL abolishes the ability of neutrophils to produce NET. Patients displayed significant increases of plasma levels of molecules involved in the regulation of neutrophils' function, including CCL2, CXCL10, CCL20, IL-18, IL-3, IL-6, G-CSF, GM-CSF, IFN-γ. Our data suggest that metabolic remodelling is vital for the formation of NET and for boosting neutrophil inflammatory response, thus suggesting that modulating ΗΙF-1α or PYGL could represent a novel approach for innovative therapies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Metabolic reprograming shapes neutrophil functions in severe COVID-19 / Borella, Rebecca; De Biasi, Sara; Paolini, Annamaria; Boraldi, Federica; Tartaro, Domenico Lo; Mattioli, Marco; Fidanza, Lucia; Neroni, Anita; Caro-Maldonado, Alfredo; Meschiari, Marianna; Franceschini, Erica; Quaglino, Daniela; Guaraldi, Giovanni; Bertoldi, Carlo; Sita, Marco; Busani, Stefano; Girardis, Massimo; Mussini, Cristina; Cossarizza, Andrea; Gibellini, Lara. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2980. - (2021), pp. 1-5. [10.1002/eji.202149481]

Metabolic reprograming shapes neutrophil functions in severe COVID-19

Borella, Rebecca;De Biasi, Sara;Paolini, Annamaria;Boraldi, Federica;Tartaro, Domenico Lo;Mattioli, Marco;Fidanza, Lucia;Neroni, Anita;Meschiari, Marianna;Franceschini, Erica;Quaglino, Daniela;Guaraldi, Giovanni;Bertoldi, Carlo;Sita, Marco;Busani, Stefano;Girardis, Massimo;Mussini, Cristina;Cossarizza, Andrea;Gibellini, Lara
2021

Abstract

: To better understand the mechanisms at the basis of neutrophil functions during SARS-CoV-2 we studied patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia. They had high blood proportion of degranulated neutrophils and elevated plasma levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), elastase and MPO-DNA complexes, which are typical markers of neutrophil extracellular traps (NET). Their neutrophils display dysfunctional mitochondria, defective oxidative burst, increased glycolysis, glycogen accumulation in the cytoplasm, and increase glycogenolysis. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (ΗΙF-1α) is stabilized in such cells, and it controls the level of glycogen phosphorylase L (PYGL), a key enzyme in glycogenolysis. Inhibiting PYGL abolishes the ability of neutrophils to produce NET. Patients displayed significant increases of plasma levels of molecules involved in the regulation of neutrophils' function, including CCL2, CXCL10, CCL20, IL-18, IL-3, IL-6, G-CSF, GM-CSF, IFN-γ. Our data suggest that metabolic remodelling is vital for the formation of NET and for boosting neutrophil inflammatory response, thus suggesting that modulating ΗΙF-1α or PYGL could represent a novel approach for innovative therapies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Metabolic reprograming shapes neutrophil functions in severe COVID-19 / Borella, Rebecca; De Biasi, Sara; Paolini, Annamaria; Boraldi, Federica; Tartaro, Domenico Lo; Mattioli, Marco; Fidanza, Lucia; Neroni, Anita; Caro-Maldonado, Alfredo; Meschiari, Marianna; Franceschini, Erica; Quaglino, Daniela; Guaraldi, Giovanni; Bertoldi, Carlo; Sita, Marco; Busani, Stefano; Girardis, Massimo; Mussini, Cristina; Cossarizza, Andrea; Gibellini, Lara. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2980. - (2021), pp. 1-5. [10.1002/eji.202149481]
Borella, Rebecca; De Biasi, Sara; Paolini, Annamaria; Boraldi, Federica; Tartaro, Domenico Lo; Mattioli, Marco; Fidanza, Lucia; Neroni, Anita; Caro-Maldonado, Alfredo; Meschiari, Marianna; Franceschini, Erica; Quaglino, Daniela; Guaraldi, Giovanni; Bertoldi, Carlo; Sita, Marco; Busani, Stefano; Girardis, Massimo; Mussini, Cristina; Cossarizza, Andrea; Gibellini, Lara
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