Rhodopsin is a light-sensitive transmembrane receptor involved in the visual transduction cascade. Among the several rhodopsin mutations related to retinitis pigmentosa (RP), those affecting the C-terminal VAPA-COOH motif that is implicated in rhodopsin trafficking from the Golgi to the rod outer segment are notably associated with more aggressive RP forms. However, molecular reasons for defective rhodopsin signaling due to VAPA-COOH mutations, which might include steric hindrance, physicochemical features and structural determinants, are yet unknown, thus limiting further drug design approaches. In this work, clinically relevant rhodopsin mutations at the P347 site within the VAPA-COOH motif were investigated by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and compared to the wild-type (WT) system. In agreement with experimental evidence, conformational fluctuations of the intrinsically disordered C-terminal tail of WT and mutant rhodopsin were found not to affect the overall structure of the transmembrane domain, including binding to the retinal cofactor. The WT VAPA-COOH motif adopts a unique conformation that is not found in pathological mutants, suggesting that structural features could better explain the pathogenicity of P347 rhodopsin mutants than physicochemical or steric determinants. These results were confirmed by MD simulations in both membrane-embedded full-length opsin and membrane-free C-terminal deca-peptides, these latter becoming very useful and small-size model systems for further investigations of rhodopsin C-terminal mutations. Structural details elucidated in this work might facilitate the understanding of the pathological mechanisms of this class of rhodopsin mutants, which will be instrumental to the development of new therapeutic strategies.

Conformational insights into the C-terminal mutations of human rhodopsin in retinitis pigmentosa / Picarazzi, F.; Manetti, F.; Marigo, V.; Mori, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR GRAPHICS & MODELLING. - ISSN 1093-3263. - 110:(2022), pp. 1-11. [10.1016/j.jmgm.2021.108076]

Conformational insights into the C-terminal mutations of human rhodopsin in retinitis pigmentosa

Marigo V.;
2022

Abstract

Rhodopsin is a light-sensitive transmembrane receptor involved in the visual transduction cascade. Among the several rhodopsin mutations related to retinitis pigmentosa (RP), those affecting the C-terminal VAPA-COOH motif that is implicated in rhodopsin trafficking from the Golgi to the rod outer segment are notably associated with more aggressive RP forms. However, molecular reasons for defective rhodopsin signaling due to VAPA-COOH mutations, which might include steric hindrance, physicochemical features and structural determinants, are yet unknown, thus limiting further drug design approaches. In this work, clinically relevant rhodopsin mutations at the P347 site within the VAPA-COOH motif were investigated by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and compared to the wild-type (WT) system. In agreement with experimental evidence, conformational fluctuations of the intrinsically disordered C-terminal tail of WT and mutant rhodopsin were found not to affect the overall structure of the transmembrane domain, including binding to the retinal cofactor. The WT VAPA-COOH motif adopts a unique conformation that is not found in pathological mutants, suggesting that structural features could better explain the pathogenicity of P347 rhodopsin mutants than physicochemical or steric determinants. These results were confirmed by MD simulations in both membrane-embedded full-length opsin and membrane-free C-terminal deca-peptides, these latter becoming very useful and small-size model systems for further investigations of rhodopsin C-terminal mutations. Structural details elucidated in this work might facilitate the understanding of the pathological mechanisms of this class of rhodopsin mutants, which will be instrumental to the development of new therapeutic strategies.
11-nov-2021
110
1
11
Conformational insights into the C-terminal mutations of human rhodopsin in retinitis pigmentosa / Picarazzi, F.; Manetti, F.; Marigo, V.; Mori, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR GRAPHICS & MODELLING. - ISSN 1093-3263. - 110:(2022), pp. 1-11. [10.1016/j.jmgm.2021.108076]
Picarazzi, F.; Manetti, F.; Marigo, V.; Mori, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1256118
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