The materials commonly employed in the automotive industry are various and depend on the specific application field. For what concern the internal combustion engines the choice is guided by the thermomechanical performance required, technological constraints and production costs. Actually, for high-performance engines, steel and aluminium are the most common materials selected for the piston and the cylinder liner manufacturing. This study analyses the effect of possible material choice on the interaction between piston and cylinder liner, via Finite Element analyses. A motorcycle engine is investigated considering two possible pistons: one (standard) made of aluminium and one made of steel. Similarly, two possible cylinder liners are considered, the original one made of aluminium and a different version made of steel obtained by simply thinning the aluminium component in order to obtain two structurally equivalent components. In particular, four possible combinations of coupling between piston and cylinder liner are identified, derived from the two variants of applied materials. The components theoretically necessary for the Finite Element model are the engine head, the engine block, the bolts, the gasket, the upper part of the crank mechanism and the cylinder liner. Nevertheless, a simplified methodology is employed to reduce the computational effort. This analysis makes it possible to evaluate gap and interference with respect to the material choice. A first proposal of the barrel shape and ovality of the steel piston is obtained starting from the original aluminium piston and the thermal field involved in the analysis. Besides, the presented methodology consists of a useful tool to estimate the stress field and the fatigue safety factor of the components involved. The results obtained with this methodology can guide the definition of the correct piston profile, temperature field and stress distribution estimation, as a function of the specific materials employed for piston-liner coupling.

The Effects of the Specific Material Selection on the Structural Behaviour of the Piston-Liner Coupling of a High Performance Engine / Barbieri, Saverio Giulio; Mangeruga, Valerio; Giacopini, Matteo. - In: SAE TECHNICAL PAPER. - ISSN 0148-7191. - 1:(2021). ((Intervento presentato al convegno SAE Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Digital Summit tenutosi a On-line nel 2021/09/28 [10.4271/2021-01-1235].

The Effects of the Specific Material Selection on the Structural Behaviour of the Piston-Liner Coupling of a High Performance Engine

Barbieri, Saverio Giulio
;
Mangeruga, Valerio;Giacopini, Matteo
2021

Abstract

The materials commonly employed in the automotive industry are various and depend on the specific application field. For what concern the internal combustion engines the choice is guided by the thermomechanical performance required, technological constraints and production costs. Actually, for high-performance engines, steel and aluminium are the most common materials selected for the piston and the cylinder liner manufacturing. This study analyses the effect of possible material choice on the interaction between piston and cylinder liner, via Finite Element analyses. A motorcycle engine is investigated considering two possible pistons: one (standard) made of aluminium and one made of steel. Similarly, two possible cylinder liners are considered, the original one made of aluminium and a different version made of steel obtained by simply thinning the aluminium component in order to obtain two structurally equivalent components. In particular, four possible combinations of coupling between piston and cylinder liner are identified, derived from the two variants of applied materials. The components theoretically necessary for the Finite Element model are the engine head, the engine block, the bolts, the gasket, the upper part of the crank mechanism and the cylinder liner. Nevertheless, a simplified methodology is employed to reduce the computational effort. This analysis makes it possible to evaluate gap and interference with respect to the material choice. A first proposal of the barrel shape and ovality of the steel piston is obtained starting from the original aluminium piston and the thermal field involved in the analysis. Besides, the presented methodology consists of a useful tool to estimate the stress field and the fatigue safety factor of the components involved. The results obtained with this methodology can guide the definition of the correct piston profile, temperature field and stress distribution estimation, as a function of the specific materials employed for piston-liner coupling.
21-set-2021
SAE Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Digital Summit
On-line
2021/09/28
1
Barbieri, Saverio Giulio; Mangeruga, Valerio; Giacopini, Matteo
The Effects of the Specific Material Selection on the Structural Behaviour of the Piston-Liner Coupling of a High Performance Engine / Barbieri, Saverio Giulio; Mangeruga, Valerio; Giacopini, Matteo. - In: SAE TECHNICAL PAPER. - ISSN 0148-7191. - 1:(2021). ((Intervento presentato al convegno SAE Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Digital Summit tenutosi a On-line nel 2021/09/28 [10.4271/2021-01-1235].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1253462
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