Introduction: Adipose tissue (AT) has become a source of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSC) for regenerative medicine applications, in particular skeletal disorders. Several enzymatic or mechanical procedures have been proposed to process AT with the aim to isolate cells that can be locally implanted. How AT is processed may impact its properties. Thus, we compared AT processed by centrifugation (C-AT) to microfragmentation (MF-AT). Focusing on MF-AT, we subsequently assessed the impact of synovial fluid (SF) alone on both MF-AT and isolated AT-MSC to better understand their cartilage repair mechanisms. Materials and methods: MF-AT and C-AT from the same donors were compared by histology and qRT-PCR immediately after isolation or as ex vivo cultures using a micro-tissue pellet system. The in vitro impact of SF on MF-AT and AT-MSC was assessed by histological staining and molecular analysis. Results: The main AT histological features (i.e., increased extracellular matrix and cellularity) of the freshly isolated or ex vivo-cultured MF-AT persisted compared to C-AT, which rapidly deteriorated during culture. Based on our previous studies of HOX genes in MSC, we investigated the involvement of Homeobox Protein HOX-B7 (HOXB7) and its target basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF) in the molecular mechanism underlying the improved performance of MF-AT. Indeed, both these biomarkers were more prominent in freshly isolated MF-AT compared to C-AT. SF alone preserved the AT histological features of MF-AT, together with HOXB7 and bFGF expression. Increased cell performance was also observed in isolated AT-MSC after SF treatment concomitant with enhanced HOXB7 expression, although there was no apparent association with bFGF. Conclusions: Our findings show that MF has a positive effect on the maintenance of AT histology and may trigger the expression of trophic factors that improve tissue repair by processed AT.

Microfragmented adipose tissue is associated with improved ex vivo performance linked to HOXB7 and b-FGF expression / Casari, G.; Resca, E.; Giorgini, A.; Candini, O.; Petrachi, T.; Piccinno, M. S.; Foppiani, E. M.; Pacchioni, L.; Starnoni, M.; Pinelli, M.; De Santis, G.; Selleri, F.; Catani, F.; Dominici, M.; Veronesi, E.. - In: STEM CELL RESEARCH & THERAPY. - ISSN 1757-6512. - 12:1(2021), pp. 1-13. [10.1186/s13287-021-02540-1]

Microfragmented adipose tissue is associated with improved ex vivo performance linked to HOXB7 and b-FGF expression

Casari G.;Resca E.;Giorgini A.;Candini O.;Petrachi T.;Piccinno M. S.;Foppiani E. M.;Starnoni M.;De Santis G.;Selleri F.;Catani F.;Dominici M.;
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Adipose tissue (AT) has become a source of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSC) for regenerative medicine applications, in particular skeletal disorders. Several enzymatic or mechanical procedures have been proposed to process AT with the aim to isolate cells that can be locally implanted. How AT is processed may impact its properties. Thus, we compared AT processed by centrifugation (C-AT) to microfragmentation (MF-AT). Focusing on MF-AT, we subsequently assessed the impact of synovial fluid (SF) alone on both MF-AT and isolated AT-MSC to better understand their cartilage repair mechanisms. Materials and methods: MF-AT and C-AT from the same donors were compared by histology and qRT-PCR immediately after isolation or as ex vivo cultures using a micro-tissue pellet system. The in vitro impact of SF on MF-AT and AT-MSC was assessed by histological staining and molecular analysis. Results: The main AT histological features (i.e., increased extracellular matrix and cellularity) of the freshly isolated or ex vivo-cultured MF-AT persisted compared to C-AT, which rapidly deteriorated during culture. Based on our previous studies of HOX genes in MSC, we investigated the involvement of Homeobox Protein HOX-B7 (HOXB7) and its target basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF) in the molecular mechanism underlying the improved performance of MF-AT. Indeed, both these biomarkers were more prominent in freshly isolated MF-AT compared to C-AT. SF alone preserved the AT histological features of MF-AT, together with HOXB7 and bFGF expression. Increased cell performance was also observed in isolated AT-MSC after SF treatment concomitant with enhanced HOXB7 expression, although there was no apparent association with bFGF. Conclusions: Our findings show that MF has a positive effect on the maintenance of AT histology and may trigger the expression of trophic factors that improve tissue repair by processed AT.
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Microfragmented adipose tissue is associated with improved ex vivo performance linked to HOXB7 and b-FGF expression / Casari, G.; Resca, E.; Giorgini, A.; Candini, O.; Petrachi, T.; Piccinno, M. S.; Foppiani, E. M.; Pacchioni, L.; Starnoni, M.; Pinelli, M.; De Santis, G.; Selleri, F.; Catani, F.; Dominici, M.; Veronesi, E.. - In: STEM CELL RESEARCH & THERAPY. - ISSN 1757-6512. - 12:1(2021), pp. 1-13. [10.1186/s13287-021-02540-1]
Casari, G.; Resca, E.; Giorgini, A.; Candini, O.; Petrachi, T.; Piccinno, M. S.; Foppiani, E. M.; Pacchioni, L.; Starnoni, M.; Pinelli, M.; De Santis, G.; Selleri, F.; Catani, F.; Dominici, M.; Veronesi, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1253394
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