Aim: The aim of the present systematic review was to investigate the risk of malignant transformation of proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (PVL). Materials and Methods: the search was carried out using a combination of terms (leukoplakia OR leucoplakia) AND (multifocal OR proliferative) on the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science (WOS Core Collection), Cochrane Library, selecting only articles published since 1985 and in the English language. Demographic, disease‐related, and follow‐up data extracted from the studies included in the qualitative synthesis were combined. Weighted means ± standard deviations were calculated for continuous variables, while categorical variables were reported as frequencies and percentages. Dichotomous outcomes were expressed as odd ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Odd ratios for individual studies were combined using a random‐effects meta‐analysis, conducted using Review Manager 5.4 Software (Cochrane Community, Oxford, England). Results: twenty‐two articles were included, with a total of 699 PVL patients, undergoing a mean follow‐up of 7.2 years. Sixty‐six percent of patients were females, with a mean age of 70.2 years, and 33.3% were males, with a mean age of 59.6 years. Most patients were non‐smokers and non‐alcohol users, and the gingiva/alveolar ridge mucosa was the most involved anatomical site by both PVL appearance and malignant transformation. A total of 320 PVL patients developed oral verrucous carcinoma (OVC) or conventional oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) because of malignant transformation of PVL lesions (45.8%). A statistically significant 3.8‐fold higher risk of progression to conventional OSCC was found compared to OVC in PVL patients, with women being 1.7 times more likely to develop oral cancer than men, as a consequence of PVL progression. Moreover, a statistically significant higher likelihood of developing conventional OSCC in female PVL patients than in males was found. In 46.5% of patients with PVL malignant transformation, multiple carcinomas, in different oral sites, occurred during follow‐up. Conclusions: PVL is an aggressive lesion, which, in a high percentage of cases (almost 50%), undergoes malignant transformation, mainly toward OSCC. The female gender is most affected, especially in the elderly, with a negative history for alcohol and tobacco consumption.
Oral proliferative verrucous leukoplakia: Progression to malignancy and clinical implications. systematic review and meta‐analysis / Palaia, G.; Bellisario, A.; Pampena, R.; Pippi, R.; Romeo, U.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 13:16(2021), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/cancers13164085]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Titolo:||Oral proliferative verrucous leukoplakia: Progression to malignancy and clinical implications. systematic review and meta‐analysis|
|Autore/i:||Palaia, G.; Bellisario, A.; Pampena, R.; Pippi, R.; Romeo, U.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers13164085|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000688950400001|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85112292812|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||34439238|
|Citazione:||Oral proliferative verrucous leukoplakia: Progression to malignancy and clinical implications. systematic review and meta‐analysis / Palaia, G.; Bellisario, A.; Pampena, R.; Pippi, R.; Romeo, U.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 13:16(2021), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/cancers13164085]|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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