Metallothioneins (MTs) are able to bind essential and non-essential heavy metal ions, thus controlling cellular homeostasis and detossification. In addition, they act as scavengers for reactive oxygen species (ROS), thanks to their abundant thiols groups. They have a role also in the regulation of inflammatory responses through the modulation of immunomodulatory humoral components. Chordata represents the major phylum of Deuterostomes, including about 45,000 species distributed in three subphyla: Tunicata (Urochordata), Cephalochordata and Vertebrata. Invertebrate Chordata, about 3% of the total chordate species, are collectively named Protochordata. No MT genes have been annotated so far in Protochordata. In order to allow a comparison with the vertebrate MTs we undertook a search for MT genes in the genome of the solitary tunicate Ciona intestinalis. We were able to find a MT gene (CiMT1), which represents the first MT gene identified in Tunicates. Its expression is limited to haemocytes and modulated by Cd, Zn and Cu. The deduced protein is only 39 amino acids in length with no typical α and β domains. However the sequence shows that this protein shares the usual percentage ≥( 30) of Cys residues arranged in typical conserved motifs reported for vertebrates. We were able to identify this gene also in Molgula manhattensis and Ascidiella aspersa, the search in other tunicates gave no results. This data, with the evidence that in some urochordates is present the gene for a phytochelatin syntase, could suggest that other mechanisms of detossification are present in ascidians.

Metallothioneins from urochordates: something new has happened / Franchi, N.; Ballarin, L.; Piccinni, E.. - (2010), pp. 48-48. ((Intervento presentato al convegno BIO PhD & PostDoc Day 2010, Scuola di Dottorato: Bioscienze Indirizzo: Biologia Evoluzionistica tenutosi a Università di Padova, Padova nel March, 29, 2010.

Metallothioneins from urochordates: something new has happened.

Franchi N.;
2010

Abstract

Metallothioneins (MTs) are able to bind essential and non-essential heavy metal ions, thus controlling cellular homeostasis and detossification. In addition, they act as scavengers for reactive oxygen species (ROS), thanks to their abundant thiols groups. They have a role also in the regulation of inflammatory responses through the modulation of immunomodulatory humoral components. Chordata represents the major phylum of Deuterostomes, including about 45,000 species distributed in three subphyla: Tunicata (Urochordata), Cephalochordata and Vertebrata. Invertebrate Chordata, about 3% of the total chordate species, are collectively named Protochordata. No MT genes have been annotated so far in Protochordata. In order to allow a comparison with the vertebrate MTs we undertook a search for MT genes in the genome of the solitary tunicate Ciona intestinalis. We were able to find a MT gene (CiMT1), which represents the first MT gene identified in Tunicates. Its expression is limited to haemocytes and modulated by Cd, Zn and Cu. The deduced protein is only 39 amino acids in length with no typical α and β domains. However the sequence shows that this protein shares the usual percentage ≥( 30) of Cys residues arranged in typical conserved motifs reported for vertebrates. We were able to identify this gene also in Molgula manhattensis and Ascidiella aspersa, the search in other tunicates gave no results. This data, with the evidence that in some urochordates is present the gene for a phytochelatin syntase, could suggest that other mechanisms of detossification are present in ascidians.
BIO PhD & PostDoc Day 2010, Scuola di Dottorato: Bioscienze Indirizzo: Biologia Evoluzionistica
Università di Padova, Padova
March, 29, 2010
48
48
Franchi, N.; Ballarin, L.; Piccinni, E.
Metallothioneins from urochordates: something new has happened / Franchi, N.; Ballarin, L.; Piccinni, E.. - (2010), pp. 48-48. ((Intervento presentato al convegno BIO PhD & PostDoc Day 2010, Scuola di Dottorato: Bioscienze Indirizzo: Biologia Evoluzionistica tenutosi a Università di Padova, Padova nel March, 29, 2010.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1252973
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