Nano-scale nipple array on the body surface has been described from various invertebrates including endoparasitic and mesoparasitic copepods, but the functions of the nipple array is not well understood. Using the hydrophilized nanopillar sheets made of polystyrene as a mimetic material of the nipple arrays on the parasites’ body surface, we assayed the cell spreading and phagocytosis of the hemocytes of the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri. On the pillared surface, the number of spreading amebocytes and the number of phagocytizing hemocytes per unit area were always smaller than those on the flat surface (Mann-Whitney test, p < 0.05 - 0.001), probably because the effective area for the cell attachment on the pillared surface is much smaller than the area on the flat sheet. The present results supports the idea that the nipple array on the parasites' body surface reduces the innate immune reaction from the host hemocytes.

Suppression of cell-spreading and phagocytic activity on nano-pillared surface: in vitro experiment using hemocytes of the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri / Ballarin, Loriano; Franchi, Nicola; Gasparini, Fabio; Caicci, Federico; Miyauchi, A.; Hirose, E.. - In: INVERTEBRATE SURVIVAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 1824-307X. - 12:(2015), pp. 82-88.

Suppression of cell-spreading and phagocytic activity on nano-pillared surface: in vitro experiment using hemocytes of the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri

FRANCHI, NICOLA;
2015

Abstract

Nano-scale nipple array on the body surface has been described from various invertebrates including endoparasitic and mesoparasitic copepods, but the functions of the nipple array is not well understood. Using the hydrophilized nanopillar sheets made of polystyrene as a mimetic material of the nipple arrays on the parasites’ body surface, we assayed the cell spreading and phagocytosis of the hemocytes of the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri. On the pillared surface, the number of spreading amebocytes and the number of phagocytizing hemocytes per unit area were always smaller than those on the flat surface (Mann-Whitney test, p < 0.05 - 0.001), probably because the effective area for the cell attachment on the pillared surface is much smaller than the area on the flat sheet. The present results supports the idea that the nipple array on the parasites' body surface reduces the innate immune reaction from the host hemocytes.
12
82
88
Suppression of cell-spreading and phagocytic activity on nano-pillared surface: in vitro experiment using hemocytes of the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri / Ballarin, Loriano; Franchi, Nicola; Gasparini, Fabio; Caicci, Federico; Miyauchi, A.; Hirose, E.. - In: INVERTEBRATE SURVIVAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 1824-307X. - 12:(2015), pp. 82-88.
Ballarin, Loriano; Franchi, Nicola; Gasparini, Fabio; Caicci, Federico; Miyauchi, A.; Hirose, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1252935
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