Background and aims: Body composition and balance of nutritional and inflammatory status are important for the immune system. Alterations of these aspects may impact on response, outcome and toxicities of immunotherapy. In this review we try to clarify some definitions and tools used for the assessment of the different aspects of nutritional disorders, body composition and inflammatory status with a focus on lung cancer. Methods: We primary investigate the definitions of malnutrition, cachexia, sarcopenia and overweight. Secondary, tools used to measure body composition, nutritional and inflammatory status, mainly in lung cancer are reviewed. Results: All these features, in the time of precision medicine may improve assessment and selection of patients, incorporating also early palliative care in standard therapy. Conclusions: A multimodal approach based on nutrition assessment and physical exercise should be evaluated to improve aspects of the immune response against cancer and to propose the best treatment to every patient.

Impact of body composition, nutritional and inflammatory status on outcome of non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with immunotherapy / Baldessari, C.; Guaitoli, G.; Valoriani, F.; Bonacini, R.; Marcheselli, R.; Reverberi, L.; Pecchi, A.; Menozzi, R.; Torricelli, P.; Bertolini, F.; Barbieri, F.; Dominici, M.. - In: CLINICAL NUTRITION ESPEN. - ISSN 2405-4577. - 43:(2021), pp. 64-75. [10.1016/j.clnesp.2021.02.017]

Impact of body composition, nutritional and inflammatory status on outcome of non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with immunotherapy

Pecchi A.;Torricelli P.;Dominici M.
2021

Abstract

Background and aims: Body composition and balance of nutritional and inflammatory status are important for the immune system. Alterations of these aspects may impact on response, outcome and toxicities of immunotherapy. In this review we try to clarify some definitions and tools used for the assessment of the different aspects of nutritional disorders, body composition and inflammatory status with a focus on lung cancer. Methods: We primary investigate the definitions of malnutrition, cachexia, sarcopenia and overweight. Secondary, tools used to measure body composition, nutritional and inflammatory status, mainly in lung cancer are reviewed. Results: All these features, in the time of precision medicine may improve assessment and selection of patients, incorporating also early palliative care in standard therapy. Conclusions: A multimodal approach based on nutrition assessment and physical exercise should be evaluated to improve aspects of the immune response against cancer and to propose the best treatment to every patient.
2021
43
64
75
Impact of body composition, nutritional and inflammatory status on outcome of non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with immunotherapy / Baldessari, C.; Guaitoli, G.; Valoriani, F.; Bonacini, R.; Marcheselli, R.; Reverberi, L.; Pecchi, A.; Menozzi, R.; Torricelli, P.; Bertolini, F.; Barbieri, F.; Dominici, M.. - In: CLINICAL NUTRITION ESPEN. - ISSN 2405-4577. - 43:(2021), pp. 64-75. [10.1016/j.clnesp.2021.02.017]
Baldessari, C.; Guaitoli, G.; Valoriani, F.; Bonacini, R.; Marcheselli, R.; Reverberi, L.; Pecchi, A.; Menozzi, R.; Torricelli, P.; Bertolini, F.; Barbieri, F.; Dominici, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1251820
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