Recently, the very first large-gap Kane-Mele quantum spin Hall insulator was predicted to be monolayer jacutingaite (Pt2HgSe3), a naturally occurring exfoliable mineral discovered in Brazil in 2008. The stacking of quantum spin Hall monolayers into a van-der-Waals layered crystal typically leads to a (0;001) weak topological phase, which does not protect the existence of surface states on the (001) surface. Unexpectedly, recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy experiments revealed the presence of surface states dispersing over large areas of the 001-surface Brillouin zone of jacutingaite single crystals. The 001-surface states have been shown to be topologically protected by a mirror Chern number C-M = -2, associated with a nodal line gapped by spin-orbit interactions. Here, we extend the two-dimensional Kane-Mele model to bulk jacutingaite and unveil the microscopic origin of the gapped nodal line and the emerging crystalline topological order. By using maximally localized Wannier functions, we identify a large nontrivial second nearest-layer hopping term that breaks the standard paradigm of weak topological insulators. Complemented by this term, the predictions of the Kane-Mele model are in remarkable agreement with recent experiments and first-principles simulations, providing an appealing conceptual framework also relevant for other layered materials made of stacked honeycomb lattices.
Emergent dual topology in the three-dimensional Kane-Mele Pt2HgSe3 / Marrazzo, Antimo; Marzari, Nicola; Gibertini, Marco. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW RESEARCH. - ISSN 2643-1564. - 2:1(2020), pp. 012063-012068. [10.1103/PHYSREVRESEARCH.2.012063]