Patients with acute asthma attack usually access the emergency room with severe functional impairment, despite low perception of symptoms. In this scenario, early functional assessment is essential focusing on vital parameters and respiratory function, alongside perceived dyspnea. Impairment of ventilatory mechanics due to progressive dynamic pulmonary hyperinflation should be promptly treated with medical inhalation and/or intravenous therapy, reserving intensive treatment in case of non-response and/or worsening of the clinical conditions. Therapeutic planning at patient's discharge is no less important than treatment management during emergency room access as educating the patient about therapeutic adherence significantly impact long-term outcomes of asthma. With this review we aim at exploring current evidence on acute asthma attack management, focusing of pharmacological and ventilatory strategies of care and highlighting the importance of patient education once clinical stability allows discharge from the emergency department.

Acute severe asthma: management and treatment / Bosi, A; Tonelli, R; Castaniere, I; Clini, E; Beghe', B.. - In: MINERVA MEDICA. - ISSN 0026-4806. - 112:5(2021), pp. 605-614. [10.23736/S0026-4806.21.07372-9]

Acute severe asthma: management and treatment.

Bosi, A;Tonelli, R;Castaniere, I;Clini, E;Beghe', B.
2021

Abstract

Patients with acute asthma attack usually access the emergency room with severe functional impairment, despite low perception of symptoms. In this scenario, early functional assessment is essential focusing on vital parameters and respiratory function, alongside perceived dyspnea. Impairment of ventilatory mechanics due to progressive dynamic pulmonary hyperinflation should be promptly treated with medical inhalation and/or intravenous therapy, reserving intensive treatment in case of non-response and/or worsening of the clinical conditions. Therapeutic planning at patient's discharge is no less important than treatment management during emergency room access as educating the patient about therapeutic adherence significantly impact long-term outcomes of asthma. With this review we aim at exploring current evidence on acute asthma attack management, focusing of pharmacological and ventilatory strategies of care and highlighting the importance of patient education once clinical stability allows discharge from the emergency department.
26-feb-2021
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605
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Acute severe asthma: management and treatment / Bosi, A; Tonelli, R; Castaniere, I; Clini, E; Beghe', B.. - In: MINERVA MEDICA. - ISSN 0026-4806. - 112:5(2021), pp. 605-614. [10.23736/S0026-4806.21.07372-9]
Bosi, A; Tonelli, R; Castaniere, I; Clini, E; Beghe', B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1250330
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