Pyridoxine/pyridoxamine 5′-phosphate oxidase (PNPO) and pyridoxal kinase (PDXK) cooperate to produce pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP), the active form of vitamin B6. PDXK phosphorylates pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, and pyridoxal by producing PNP, PMP, and PLP, whereas PNPO oxidizes PNP, PMP, into PLP. We previously demonstrated that PDXK depletion in Drosophila and human cells impacts on glucose metabolism and DNA integrity. Here we characterized sgll, the Drosophila ortholog of PNPO gene, showing that its silencing by RNA interference elicits chromosome aberrations (CABs) in brains and induces diabetic hallmarks such as hyperglycemia and small body size. We showed that in sgllRNAi neuroblasts CABs are largely produced by the genotoxic effect of the advanced glycation end products triggered by high glucose. As in sgllRNAi cells, part of PLP is still produced by PDXK activity, these data suggest that PLP dosage need to be tightly regulated to guarantee glucose homeostasis and DNA integrity.

Pyridoxine/pyridoxamine 5′-phosphate oxidase (Sgll/PNPO) is important for DNA integrity and glucose homeostasis maintenance in Drosophila / Mascolo, E.; Amoroso, N.; Saggio, I.; Merigliano, C.; Verni, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9541. - 235:1(2020), pp. 504-512. [10.1002/jcp.28990]

Pyridoxine/pyridoxamine 5′-phosphate oxidase (Sgll/PNPO) is important for DNA integrity and glucose homeostasis maintenance in Drosophila

Mascolo E.;
2020

Abstract

Pyridoxine/pyridoxamine 5′-phosphate oxidase (PNPO) and pyridoxal kinase (PDXK) cooperate to produce pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP), the active form of vitamin B6. PDXK phosphorylates pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, and pyridoxal by producing PNP, PMP, and PLP, whereas PNPO oxidizes PNP, PMP, into PLP. We previously demonstrated that PDXK depletion in Drosophila and human cells impacts on glucose metabolism and DNA integrity. Here we characterized sgll, the Drosophila ortholog of PNPO gene, showing that its silencing by RNA interference elicits chromosome aberrations (CABs) in brains and induces diabetic hallmarks such as hyperglycemia and small body size. We showed that in sgllRNAi neuroblasts CABs are largely produced by the genotoxic effect of the advanced glycation end products triggered by high glucose. As in sgllRNAi cells, part of PLP is still produced by PDXK activity, these data suggest that PLP dosage need to be tightly regulated to guarantee glucose homeostasis and DNA integrity.
235
1
504
512
Pyridoxine/pyridoxamine 5′-phosphate oxidase (Sgll/PNPO) is important for DNA integrity and glucose homeostasis maintenance in Drosophila / Mascolo, E.; Amoroso, N.; Saggio, I.; Merigliano, C.; Verni, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9541. - 235:1(2020), pp. 504-512. [10.1002/jcp.28990]
Mascolo, E.; Amoroso, N.; Saggio, I.; Merigliano, C.; Verni, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1249061
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