Plasma sprayed Cr2O3 is widely used to protect industrial components against wear. The present study seeks to clarify how its properties can be modified by alloying with other oxides. Therefore, pure Cr2O3 and Cr2O3–25%TiO2, Cr2O3–16%Al2O3, Cr2O3–35%Al2O3, Cr2O3–10%ZrO2 and Cr2O3–20%ZrO2 coatings were studied. All samples were obtained from pre-alloyed feedstock, resulting in rather homogeneous solid solutions. Compared with pure Cr2O3 and Cr2O3–Al2O3 coatings, the Cr2O3–25%TiO2 and Cr2O3–ZrO2 ones exhibit lower indentation hardness (HIT) but higher toughness, qualitatively assessed by scratch testing. Cr2O3 and Cr2O3–16%Al2O3 also exhibit higher hardness/elastic modulus ratios (HIT/E*, HIT3/E*2) than all other samples. The sliding wear resistance of the coatings against Al2O3 and ZrO2 balls is most closely correlated to indentation hardness and, secondarily, to the hardness/modulus ratios. Pure Cr2O3 is therefore the most sliding wear resistant of all samples, whilst Cr2O3–25%TiO2 suffers very severe wear. However, ZrO2 counterparts cause systematically more severe wear than do Al2O3 ones. Dry particles' abrasion, which proceeds through flake formation, is controlled by toughness. The resistance to abrasive wear is, therefore, predicted by scratch testing. The various coatings rank almost the opposite as they did in sliding wear tests, with comparatively lower wear losses for Cr2O3–25%TiO2 and (most of all) Cr2O3–ZrO2 samples.
Tribological properties of plasma sprayed Cr2O3, Cr2O3–TiO2, Cr2O3–Al2O3 and Cr2O3–ZrO2 coatings / Bolelli, G.; Steduto, D.; Kiilakoski, J.; Varis, T.; Lusvarghi, L.; Vuoristo, P.. - In: WEAR. - ISSN 0043-1648. - 480-481:(2021), pp. 203931-203932. [10.1016/j.wear.2021.203931]