Colorectal cancer represents a paradigmatic model of inflammatory carcinogenesis accom-panied by the production of several kinds of tumor-associated autoantibodies (TAABs). The specific aim of this study is to define the clinical impact of the presence of non-specific circulating TAABs in a cohort of cancer patients and to establish whether significant differences were present between colorectal cancer and cancers at other sites. For this aim a prospective study was developed and a five-year survival analysis performed. Indirect immunofluorescence on rat tissues for non-organ specific autoantibodies (NOSAs: liver-kidney-stomach), on rat colon substrates (colon-related autoantibodies, CAAs) and on HEp-2 cell lines was performed. NOSA positivity was more frequent in patients with colorectal cancer than in those with cancer at other sites. Survival analysis demonstrated a significantly worse prognosis in cancer patients positive for TAABs. CAA positivity is a predictor of survival, independently from the presence of comorbidities, and HEp-2 reactivity was a strong predictor of survival in a stepwise Cox-regression model, including stage at diagnosis. Overall overproduction of TAABs is associated with advanced oncological disease, the presence of metastasis, and poorer prognosis of cancer patients.

Autoimmunity profiles as prognostic indicators in patients with colorectal cancer versus those with cancer at other sites: A prospective study / Sena, P.; Mancini, S.; Bertacchini, J.; Carnevale, G.; Pedroni, M.; Roncucci, L.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 13:13(2021), pp. 3239-3254. [10.3390/cancers13133239]

Autoimmunity profiles as prognostic indicators in patients with colorectal cancer versus those with cancer at other sites: A prospective study

Sena P.
Conceptualization
;
Mancini S.
Methodology
;
Bertacchini J.
Formal Analysis
;
Carnevale G.
Formal Analysis
;
Roncucci L.
Conceptualization
2021-01-01

Abstract

Colorectal cancer represents a paradigmatic model of inflammatory carcinogenesis accom-panied by the production of several kinds of tumor-associated autoantibodies (TAABs). The specific aim of this study is to define the clinical impact of the presence of non-specific circulating TAABs in a cohort of cancer patients and to establish whether significant differences were present between colorectal cancer and cancers at other sites. For this aim a prospective study was developed and a five-year survival analysis performed. Indirect immunofluorescence on rat tissues for non-organ specific autoantibodies (NOSAs: liver-kidney-stomach), on rat colon substrates (colon-related autoantibodies, CAAs) and on HEp-2 cell lines was performed. NOSA positivity was more frequent in patients with colorectal cancer than in those with cancer at other sites. Survival analysis demonstrated a significantly worse prognosis in cancer patients positive for TAABs. CAA positivity is a predictor of survival, independently from the presence of comorbidities, and HEp-2 reactivity was a strong predictor of survival in a stepwise Cox-regression model, including stage at diagnosis. Overall overproduction of TAABs is associated with advanced oncological disease, the presence of metastasis, and poorer prognosis of cancer patients.
13
13
3239
3254
Autoimmunity profiles as prognostic indicators in patients with colorectal cancer versus those with cancer at other sites: A prospective study / Sena, P.; Mancini, S.; Bertacchini, J.; Carnevale, G.; Pedroni, M.; Roncucci, L.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 13:13(2021), pp. 3239-3254. [10.3390/cancers13133239]
Sena, P.; Mancini, S.; Bertacchini, J.; Carnevale, G.; Pedroni, M.; Roncucci, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1248979
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