Low and high molecular weight hyaluronan (HA) was added to adult human fibroblasts grown in monolayer to assess its influence on CD44 expression, its internalisation and effect on cell growth. CD44 expression on the surface of in vitro fibroblasts was not modified by different concentrations of FCS, whereas it was sensitive to cell cycle, being higher in the growing than in the resting phase. Independently from molecular weight, upon addition of exogenous HA (from 0.1 up to 1 mg/mL) to fibroblasts in the growing phase, a slight but constant decrease of the expression of CD44 on the surface of fibroblasts was observed; moreover, HA induced a rearrangement of CD44 into patches in close relationship with the terminal regions of stress fibers, which became thicker and more rigid after a few hours from the addition of HA to the medium. Fluorescent HA, added to the culture medium, rapidly attached to the plasma membrane and in less than two minutes was observed within cells, partly in association with its receptor CD44. By the contemporary use of neutral red, which accumulates into functional lysosomes, the great majority of internalised HA was found within lysosomes. HA receptor RHAMM-IHABP was rather homogeneously localised within the cytoplasm of normal growing fibroblasts. Upon addition of HA, the RHAMM-IHABP distribution became discontinuous around the nucleus. Addition of HA to fibroblasts induced a significant inhibition of cell growth, which was dependent on HA concentration and irrespective of HA molecular weight, at least in the ranges tested. Results show that extra-cellular HA is rapidly taken up by human dermal fibroblasts together with its CD44 receptor, and transported mostly to the lysosomes. Both low and high molecular weight HA induced down-regulation of cell proliferation, which would seem to be mediated by HA catabolism.

Hyaluronan uptake by adult human skin fibroblasts in vitro / Croce, M. A.; Boraldi, F.; Quaglino, D.; Tiozzo, R.; Pasquali-Ronchetti, I.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HISTOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1121-760X. - 47:1(2003), pp. 63-73. [10.4081/808]

Hyaluronan uptake by adult human skin fibroblasts in vitro

Croce M. A.;Boraldi F.;Quaglino D.;Tiozzo R.;Pasquali-Ronchetti I.
2003

Abstract

Low and high molecular weight hyaluronan (HA) was added to adult human fibroblasts grown in monolayer to assess its influence on CD44 expression, its internalisation and effect on cell growth. CD44 expression on the surface of in vitro fibroblasts was not modified by different concentrations of FCS, whereas it was sensitive to cell cycle, being higher in the growing than in the resting phase. Independently from molecular weight, upon addition of exogenous HA (from 0.1 up to 1 mg/mL) to fibroblasts in the growing phase, a slight but constant decrease of the expression of CD44 on the surface of fibroblasts was observed; moreover, HA induced a rearrangement of CD44 into patches in close relationship with the terminal regions of stress fibers, which became thicker and more rigid after a few hours from the addition of HA to the medium. Fluorescent HA, added to the culture medium, rapidly attached to the plasma membrane and in less than two minutes was observed within cells, partly in association with its receptor CD44. By the contemporary use of neutral red, which accumulates into functional lysosomes, the great majority of internalised HA was found within lysosomes. HA receptor RHAMM-IHABP was rather homogeneously localised within the cytoplasm of normal growing fibroblasts. Upon addition of HA, the RHAMM-IHABP distribution became discontinuous around the nucleus. Addition of HA to fibroblasts induced a significant inhibition of cell growth, which was dependent on HA concentration and irrespective of HA molecular weight, at least in the ranges tested. Results show that extra-cellular HA is rapidly taken up by human dermal fibroblasts together with its CD44 receptor, and transported mostly to the lysosomes. Both low and high molecular weight HA induced down-regulation of cell proliferation, which would seem to be mediated by HA catabolism.
47
1
63
73
Hyaluronan uptake by adult human skin fibroblasts in vitro / Croce, M. A.; Boraldi, F.; Quaglino, D.; Tiozzo, R.; Pasquali-Ronchetti, I.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HISTOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1121-760X. - 47:1(2003), pp. 63-73. [10.4081/808]
Croce, M. A.; Boraldi, F.; Quaglino, D.; Tiozzo, R.; Pasquali-Ronchetti, I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1248332
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