We report a dual gate/common channel organic transistor architecture designed for quantifying the concentration of one of the strands of miRNA-21 in solution. The device allows one to measure the differential response between two gate electrodes, viz. one sensing and one reference, both immersed in the electrolyte above the transistor channel. Hybridization with oligonucleotide in the picomolar regime induces a sizable reduction of the current flowing through the transistor channel. The device signal is reported at various gate voltages, showing maximum sensitivity in the sublinear regime, with a limit of detection as low as 35 pM. We describe the dose curves with an analytical function derived from a thermodynamic model of the reaction equilibria relevant in our experiment and device configuration, and we show that the apparent Hill dependence on analyte concentration, whose exponent lies between 0.5 and 1, emerges from the interplay of the different equilibria. The binding free energy characteristic of the hybridization on the device surface is found to be approximately 20% lower with respect to the reaction in solution, hinting to partially inhibiting effect of the surface and presence of competing reactions. Impedance spectroscopy and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) performed on the same oligonucleotide pair were correlated to the electronic current transduced by the EGOFET, and confirmed the selectivity of the biorecognition probe covalently bound on the gold surface.
Label free detection of miRNA-21 with electrolyte gated organic field effect transistors (EGOFETs) / Selvaraj, M.; Greco, P.; Sensi, M.; Saygin, G. D.; Bellassai, N.; D'Agata, R.; Spoto, G.; Biscarini, F.. - In: BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS. - ISSN 0956-5663. - 182:(2021), pp. 1-9. [10.1016/j.bios.2021.113144]