Because of their potential to induce a number of pathological diseases and their widespread industrial usage in the past, the fibrous minerals forming asbestos have been the subject of a number of studies in the past. Although quantification of asbestos minerals by optical and electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) is a routine technique in the case of dispersed airbom fibers, the detection and the quantification of small amount of fibrous minerals like chrysotiie in bulk materials such as building materials is exceedingly difficult. A method for the detection and evaluation of asbestos minerals in massive samples is described, based on a combination of Rietveld and RIR (Reference Intensity Ratio) methods. Lower detection limits are about 0.5-1.0 wt % for chrysotiie, depending on powder pattern, counting statistics, and matrix absorption. The chrysotiie wt % determined on powder diffraction profiles collected on a conventional instrument is precise to about 1.0 wt % absolute (relative error in the range 0-10%). The technique is of straightforward application. If compared with the commonly used microscopic or spectroscopic techniques, it is of much advantage from the point of view of time, and the results are more accurate and statistically significant of the bulk material. A model for the cylindrically disordered structure of fibrous chrysotiie is especially developed for the simulation of the X-ray powder patterns, and it is proposed here. © 1995, Cambridge University Press. All rights reserved.
Variation in the Vector Competence of Aedes Polynesiensis for Wuchereria Bancrofti / Gualtieri, A.. - In: POWDER DIFFRACTION. - ISSN 0885-7156. - 10:4(1995), pp. 269-277. [10.1017/S0885715600014962]