As part of an ongoing study of the role of subcellular fractions on the metabolism of nitroxides, we studied the metabolism of a set of five nitroxides in cytosol derived from rat hepatocytes. The nitroxides were chosen to provide information on the effects of the type of charge and the ring on which the nitroxyl group is located. The rates of reduction were fastest for a six-membered positively charged nitroxide ('CAT-1') and slowest for an anionic five-membered ring nitroxide ('PCA'). Changing levels of glutathione, sulphydryl groups in general, NADPH or NADH had little or no effect on the rates of reduction, while the addition of ascorbate oxidase essentially abolished reduction of the nitroxides. The products of reduction by the cytosol were the corresponding hydroxylamines. The overall rates of reduction of neutral or anionic nitroxides were much slower than those observed with intact cells. We conclude that the primary source of metabolism of nitroxides by cytosol is reduction by ascorbate and that under most conditions reduction of nitroxides in the cytosol is not a major factor in the metabolism of nitroxides by cells.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Titolo:||METABOLISM OF NITROXIDE SPIN LABELS IN SUBCELLULAR-FRACTIONS OF RAT-LIVER .2. REDUCTION IN THE CYTOSOL|
|Autore/i:||IANNONE A; TOMASI A; VANNINI V; SWARTZ HM|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:A1990DM68000010|
|Citazione:||METABOLISM OF NITROXIDE SPIN LABELS IN SUBCELLULAR-FRACTIONS OF RAT-LIVER .2. REDUCTION IN THE CYTOSOL / IANNONE A; TOMASI A; VANNINI V; SWARTZ HM. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. - ISSN 0006-3002. - STAMPA. - 1034(1990), pp. 290-293.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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