As part of an ongoing study of the role of subcellular fractions on the metabolism of nitroxides, we studied the metabolism of a set of seven nitroxides in microsomes obtained from rat liver. The nitroxides were chosen to provide information on the effects of the type of charge, lipophilicity and the ring on which the nitroxide group is located. Important variables that were studied included adding NADH, adding NADPH, induction of enzymes by intake of phenobarbital and the effects of oxygen. Reduction to nonparamagnetic derivatives and oxidation back to paramagnetic derivatives were measured by electron-spin resonance spectroscopy. In general, the relative rates of reduction of nitroxides were similar to those observed with intact cells, but the effects of the various variables that were studied often differed from those observed in intact cells. The rates of reduction were very slow in the absence of added NADH or NADPH. The relative effect of these two nucleotides changed when animals were fed phenobarbital, and paralleled the levels of NADPH cytochrome c reductase, cytochrome P-450, cytochrome b5 and NADH cytochrome c reductase; results with purified NADPH-cytochrome c reductase were consistent with these results. In microsomes from uninduced animals the rate of reduction was about 10-fold higher in the absence of oxygen. The products of reduction of nitroxides by microsomes were the corresponding hydroxylamines. We conclude that there are significant NADH- and NADPH-dependent paths for reduction of nitroxides by hepatic microsomes, probably involving cytochrome c reductases and not directly involving cytochrome P-450. From this, and from parallel studies now in progress in our laboratory, it seems likely that metabolism by microsomes is an important site of reduction of nitroxides. However, mitochondrial metabolism seems to play an even more important role in intact cells.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Titolo:||METABOLISM OF NITROXIDE SPIN LABELS IN SUBCELLULAR FRACTION OF RAT-LIVER .1. REDUCTION BY MICROSOMES|
|Autori:||IANNONE A; TOMASI A; VANNINI V; SWARTZ HM|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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