This observational and prospective study evaluated the clinical correlations of sonographic lesions in consecutive psoriatic arthritis (PsA) dactylitis cases. Eighty-three dactylitic digits were evaluated clinically and sonographically before treatment and at one-month (T1) and three-month (T3) follow-up. Clinical evaluation included the Leeds Dactylitis Index-basic (LDI-b) score and the visual analogue scales for pain (VAS-p) and functional impairment (VAS-FI). High-frequency ultrasound with grey scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) assessed flexor tenosynovitis (FT), soft tissue oedema (STO), extensor tendon paratenonitis, and joint synovitis. There was a statistically significant correlation between the clinical parameters (VAS-p, VAS-FI, and LDI-b) and FT and STO at T1 and T3. We found statistically significant improvement in FT and STO for the cases with clinically meaningful treatment responses (p < 0.001). After a multiple conditional logistic regression analysis, the only variables that correlated with a T1 clinical response were the resolutions of PD FT (OR 15.66) and PD STO (OR 6.23), while the resolution of PD FT (OR 27.77) and of GS STO (OR 7.29) correlated with a T3 clinical response. The clinical improvements of active dactylitis are linked to the regression of sonographic evidence of extracapsular inflammation (particularly FT and STO).

Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Monitoring Clinical Response to Treatment in Acute Symptomatic Psoriatic Dactylitis: Results from a Multicentre Prospective Observational Study / Girolimetto, Nicolò; Macchioni, Pierluigi; Possemato, Niccolò; Tinazzi, Ilaria; Bascherini, Vittoria; Citriniti, Giorgia; McConnell, Rebecca; Marchetta, Antonio; Peluso, Rosario; Sabbatino, Vincenzo; Salvarani, Carlo; Scarpa, Raffaele; Costa, Luisa; Caso, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:10(2020), pp. 1-11. [10.3390/jcm9103127]

Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Monitoring Clinical Response to Treatment in Acute Symptomatic Psoriatic Dactylitis: Results from a Multicentre Prospective Observational Study

Citriniti, Giorgia;Salvarani, Carlo;
2020

Abstract

This observational and prospective study evaluated the clinical correlations of sonographic lesions in consecutive psoriatic arthritis (PsA) dactylitis cases. Eighty-three dactylitic digits were evaluated clinically and sonographically before treatment and at one-month (T1) and three-month (T3) follow-up. Clinical evaluation included the Leeds Dactylitis Index-basic (LDI-b) score and the visual analogue scales for pain (VAS-p) and functional impairment (VAS-FI). High-frequency ultrasound with grey scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) assessed flexor tenosynovitis (FT), soft tissue oedema (STO), extensor tendon paratenonitis, and joint synovitis. There was a statistically significant correlation between the clinical parameters (VAS-p, VAS-FI, and LDI-b) and FT and STO at T1 and T3. We found statistically significant improvement in FT and STO for the cases with clinically meaningful treatment responses (p < 0.001). After a multiple conditional logistic regression analysis, the only variables that correlated with a T1 clinical response were the resolutions of PD FT (OR 15.66) and PD STO (OR 6.23), while the resolution of PD FT (OR 27.77) and of GS STO (OR 7.29) correlated with a T3 clinical response. The clinical improvements of active dactylitis are linked to the regression of sonographic evidence of extracapsular inflammation (particularly FT and STO).
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Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Monitoring Clinical Response to Treatment in Acute Symptomatic Psoriatic Dactylitis: Results from a Multicentre Prospective Observational Study / Girolimetto, Nicolò; Macchioni, Pierluigi; Possemato, Niccolò; Tinazzi, Ilaria; Bascherini, Vittoria; Citriniti, Giorgia; McConnell, Rebecca; Marchetta, Antonio; Peluso, Rosario; Sabbatino, Vincenzo; Salvarani, Carlo; Scarpa, Raffaele; Costa, Luisa; Caso, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:10(2020), pp. 1-11. [10.3390/jcm9103127]
Girolimetto, Nicolò; Macchioni, Pierluigi; Possemato, Niccolò; Tinazzi, Ilaria; Bascherini, Vittoria; Citriniti, Giorgia; McConnell, Rebecca; Marchetta, Antonio; Peluso, Rosario; Sabbatino, Vincenzo; Salvarani, Carlo; Scarpa, Raffaele; Costa, Luisa; Caso, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1238689
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