Exposure of HL-60 cells to millimolar levels of spermine resulted in the inhibition of cell growth. Flow cytometry revealed that the addition of exogenous spermine prevented the accumulation of cells in the S and G2/M phases of the cell cycle as observed in the control cells. High intracellular levels of spermine completely suppressed the early onset of ornithine decarboxylase activity and, consequently, the intracellular increase in spermidine and putrescine. On the other hand, the addition of exogenous spermidine or putrescine also abolished ornithine decarboxylase activity, but in this case neither the growth of spermidine or putrescine-treated cells nor the cell cycle phase distribution was affected. In the latter cells, intracellular levels of spermidine were not significantly different from control ones. These results suggest that the addition of exogenous spermine inhibits cell proliferation by hindering the increase in cellular spermidine needed to accelerate the G, to S phase transition.
Inhibition of cell growth by accumulated spermine is associated with a transient alteration of cell cycle progression / Monti, M. G.; Pernecco, L.; Manfredini, R.; Frassineti, C.; Barbieri, D.; Marverti, G.; Ghiaroni, S.. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - 58:23(1996), pp. 2065-2072. [10.1016/0024-3205(96)00200-7]