Extraosseous calcification is a pathologic mineralization process occurring in soft connective tissues (e.g., skin, vessels, tendons, and cartilage). It can take place on a genetic basis or as a consequence of acquired chronic diseases. In this last case, the etiology is multifactorial, including both extra- and intracellular mechanisms, such as the formation of membrane vesicles (e.g., matrix vesicles and apoptotic bodies), mitochondrial alterations, and oxidative stress. This review is an overview of extraosseous calcification mechanisms focusing on the relationships between apoptosis and mineralization in cartilage and vascular tissues, as these are the two tissues mostly affected by a number of age-related diseases having a progressively increased impact in Western Countries.

Apoptosis in the Extraosseous Calcification Process / Boraldi, F.; Lofaro, F. D.; Quaglino, D.. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 10:1(2021), pp. 1-29. [10.3390/cells10010131]

Apoptosis in the Extraosseous Calcification Process

Boraldi F.;Lofaro F. D.;Quaglino D.
2021

Abstract

Extraosseous calcification is a pathologic mineralization process occurring in soft connective tissues (e.g., skin, vessels, tendons, and cartilage). It can take place on a genetic basis or as a consequence of acquired chronic diseases. In this last case, the etiology is multifactorial, including both extra- and intracellular mechanisms, such as the formation of membrane vesicles (e.g., matrix vesicles and apoptotic bodies), mitochondrial alterations, and oxidative stress. This review is an overview of extraosseous calcification mechanisms focusing on the relationships between apoptosis and mineralization in cartilage and vascular tissues, as these are the two tissues mostly affected by a number of age-related diseases having a progressively increased impact in Western Countries.
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Apoptosis in the Extraosseous Calcification Process / Boraldi, F.; Lofaro, F. D.; Quaglino, D.. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 10:1(2021), pp. 1-29. [10.3390/cells10010131]
Boraldi, F.; Lofaro, F. D.; Quaglino, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1235109
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