Wound healing is impaired in the diabetic state because of, at least in part, low expression of growth factors. Individual growth factors can partially activate healing, yet the actual wound environment presents a dynamic continuum of multiple cellular signals. Complex interactions among growth factors and target cells can have synergistic effects, and several examples of combinatorial, in vivo activity are evident in the literature. In this study, the implantation of a combination of basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-β in rats induced fivefold to sevenfold increases in granulation tissue formation in comparison with implantation of each growth factor alone. Diabetes was induced in adult, male Sprague-Dawley rats with streptozotocin. Incisional wounds and sponge granulation tissue were produced in separate groups and then treated with an injection of 2 μg transforming growth factor-β1 combined with 10 μg basic fibroblast growth factor on day 3. DNA, collagen, and protein were analyzed in granulation tissue on days 7 and 9, and biomechanical properties of incisions were tested on days 7, 14, and 21. The combination of transforming growth factor-β1 and basic fibroblast growth factor had marked, positive effects on biochemical parameters of wound healing and reversed the tensile strength deficit of diabetic wounds. Nonradioactive in situ hybridization showed increased expression of messenger RNA for type I and III procollagen and transforming growth factor-β1 in normal and diabetic wounds, whereas ultrastructural examination showed a marked reorganization of collagen fibrils. These findings reinforce the concept that appropriate mixtures of cytokines rather than individual cytokines may more adequately stimulate tissues in cases of impaired wound healing.

Reversal of the wound healing deficit in diabetic rats by combined basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-β1 therapy / Davidson, J. M.; Broadley, K. N.; Quaglino, D.. - In: WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION. - ISSN 1067-1927. - 5:1(1997), pp. 77-88. [10.1046/j.1524-475X.1997.50115.x]

Reversal of the wound healing deficit in diabetic rats by combined basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-β1 therapy

Quaglino D.
1997

Abstract

Wound healing is impaired in the diabetic state because of, at least in part, low expression of growth factors. Individual growth factors can partially activate healing, yet the actual wound environment presents a dynamic continuum of multiple cellular signals. Complex interactions among growth factors and target cells can have synergistic effects, and several examples of combinatorial, in vivo activity are evident in the literature. In this study, the implantation of a combination of basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-β in rats induced fivefold to sevenfold increases in granulation tissue formation in comparison with implantation of each growth factor alone. Diabetes was induced in adult, male Sprague-Dawley rats with streptozotocin. Incisional wounds and sponge granulation tissue were produced in separate groups and then treated with an injection of 2 μg transforming growth factor-β1 combined with 10 μg basic fibroblast growth factor on day 3. DNA, collagen, and protein were analyzed in granulation tissue on days 7 and 9, and biomechanical properties of incisions were tested on days 7, 14, and 21. The combination of transforming growth factor-β1 and basic fibroblast growth factor had marked, positive effects on biochemical parameters of wound healing and reversed the tensile strength deficit of diabetic wounds. Nonradioactive in situ hybridization showed increased expression of messenger RNA for type I and III procollagen and transforming growth factor-β1 in normal and diabetic wounds, whereas ultrastructural examination showed a marked reorganization of collagen fibrils. These findings reinforce the concept that appropriate mixtures of cytokines rather than individual cytokines may more adequately stimulate tissues in cases of impaired wound healing.
5
1
77
88
Reversal of the wound healing deficit in diabetic rats by combined basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-β1 therapy / Davidson, J. M.; Broadley, K. N.; Quaglino, D.. - In: WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION. - ISSN 1067-1927. - 5:1(1997), pp. 77-88. [10.1046/j.1524-475X.1997.50115.x]
Davidson, J. M.; Broadley, K. N.; Quaglino, D.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1227189
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 24
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact