Aerosols of biogenic and anthropogenic origin affect the total radiative forcing of global climate. Poor knowledge of the pre-industrial aerosol concentration and composition, in particular of particles formed directly in the atmosphere from gaseous precursors, constitutes a large uncertainty in the anthropogenic radiative forcing. Investigations of new particle formation at pre-industrial-like conditions can contribute to the reduction of this uncertainty. Here we present observations taken at the remote Nepal Climate Observatory Pyramid station at 5,079 m above sea level, a few kilometres from the summit of Everest. We show that up-valley winds funnel gaseous aerosol precursors to higher altitudes. During this transport, these are oxidized into compounds of very low volatility, which rapidly form a large number of aerosol particles. These are then transported into the free troposphere, which suggests that the whole Himalayan region may act as an ‘aerosol factory’ and contribute substantially to the free tropospheric aerosol population. Aerosol production in this region occurs mainly via organic precursors of biogenic origin with little evidence of the involvement of anthropogenic pollutants. This process is therefore likely to be essentially unchanged since the pre-industrial period, and may have been one of the major sources that contributes to the upper tropospheric aerosol population during that time.

Biogenic particles formed in the Himalaya as an important source of free tropospheric aerosols / Bianchi, F.; Junninen, H.; Bigi, A.; Sinclair, V. A.; Dada, L.; Hoyle, C. R.; Zha, Q.; Yao, L.; Ahonen, L. R.; Bonasoni, P.; Buenrostro Mazon, S.; Hutterli, M.; Laj, P.; Lehtipalo, K.; Kangasluoma, J.; Kerminen, V. -M.; Kontkanen, J.; Marinoni, A.; Mirme, S.; Molteni, U.; Petaja, T.; Riva, M.; Rose, C.; Sellegri, K.; Yan, C.; Worsnop, D. R.; Kulmala, M.; Baltensperger, U.; Dommen, J.. - In: NATURE GEOSCIENCE. - ISSN 1752-0894. - 14:1(2021), pp. 4-9. [10.1038/s41561-020-00661-5]

Biogenic particles formed in the Himalaya as an important source of free tropospheric aerosols

Bigi A.;
2021

Abstract

Aerosols of biogenic and anthropogenic origin affect the total radiative forcing of global climate. Poor knowledge of the pre-industrial aerosol concentration and composition, in particular of particles formed directly in the atmosphere from gaseous precursors, constitutes a large uncertainty in the anthropogenic radiative forcing. Investigations of new particle formation at pre-industrial-like conditions can contribute to the reduction of this uncertainty. Here we present observations taken at the remote Nepal Climate Observatory Pyramid station at 5,079 m above sea level, a few kilometres from the summit of Everest. We show that up-valley winds funnel gaseous aerosol precursors to higher altitudes. During this transport, these are oxidized into compounds of very low volatility, which rapidly form a large number of aerosol particles. These are then transported into the free troposphere, which suggests that the whole Himalayan region may act as an ‘aerosol factory’ and contribute substantially to the free tropospheric aerosol population. Aerosol production in this region occurs mainly via organic precursors of biogenic origin with little evidence of the involvement of anthropogenic pollutants. This process is therefore likely to be essentially unchanged since the pre-industrial period, and may have been one of the major sources that contributes to the upper tropospheric aerosol population during that time.
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Biogenic particles formed in the Himalaya as an important source of free tropospheric aerosols / Bianchi, F.; Junninen, H.; Bigi, A.; Sinclair, V. A.; Dada, L.; Hoyle, C. R.; Zha, Q.; Yao, L.; Ahonen, L. R.; Bonasoni, P.; Buenrostro Mazon, S.; Hutterli, M.; Laj, P.; Lehtipalo, K.; Kangasluoma, J.; Kerminen, V. -M.; Kontkanen, J.; Marinoni, A.; Mirme, S.; Molteni, U.; Petaja, T.; Riva, M.; Rose, C.; Sellegri, K.; Yan, C.; Worsnop, D. R.; Kulmala, M.; Baltensperger, U.; Dommen, J.. - In: NATURE GEOSCIENCE. - ISSN 1752-0894. - 14:1(2021), pp. 4-9. [10.1038/s41561-020-00661-5]
Bianchi, F.; Junninen, H.; Bigi, A.; Sinclair, V. A.; Dada, L.; Hoyle, C. R.; Zha, Q.; Yao, L.; Ahonen, L. R.; Bonasoni, P.; Buenrostro Mazon, S.; Hutterli, M.; Laj, P.; Lehtipalo, K.; Kangasluoma, J.; Kerminen, V. -M.; Kontkanen, J.; Marinoni, A.; Mirme, S.; Molteni, U.; Petaja, T.; Riva, M.; Rose, C.; Sellegri, K.; Yan, C.; Worsnop, D. R.; Kulmala, M.; Baltensperger, U.; Dommen, J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1226857
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