The ‘mobility transition’ hypothesis – with emigration first increasing and then decreasing as a country develops – (Zelinsky, 1971) is often interpreted as a stylised fact, which bears the implication that immigration into rich countries will grow as low-income countries develop. This paper tests the relationships between development and emigration from 130 developing countries during 25 years. Results, robust to different semiparametric and parametric specifications, show that emigration from low to middle-income countries declines as income increases, education improves or population growth slows down. The stage of development at home affects the main destinations of emigration. Immigration into rich economies increases from countries at intermediate levels of development. Policies supporting development in low-income countries reduce emigration, including that to rich economies.

Murat, M.. "Emigration and development. What are the links?" Working paper, DEMB WORKING PAPER SERIES, Dipartimento di Economia Marco Biagi - Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, 2020. https://doi.org/10.25431/11380_1225981

Emigration and development. What are the links?

Murat, M.
2020-01-01

Abstract

The ‘mobility transition’ hypothesis – with emigration first increasing and then decreasing as a country develops – (Zelinsky, 1971) is often interpreted as a stylised fact, which bears the implication that immigration into rich countries will grow as low-income countries develop. This paper tests the relationships between development and emigration from 130 developing countries during 25 years. Results, robust to different semiparametric and parametric specifications, show that emigration from low to middle-income countries declines as income increases, education improves or population growth slows down. The stage of development at home affects the main destinations of emigration. Immigration into rich economies increases from countries at intermediate levels of development. Policies supporting development in low-income countries reduce emigration, including that to rich economies.
Dicembre
Murat, M.
Murat, M.. "Emigration and development. What are the links?" Working paper, DEMB WORKING PAPER SERIES, Dipartimento di Economia Marco Biagi - Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, 2020. https://doi.org/10.25431/11380_1225981
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1225981
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