Multi Jet Fusion (MJF) is an emerging additive manufacturing (AM) technique that enables the production of prototypes and functional parts starting from a thermoplastic-based powder, mainly polyamide 12 (PA12). Layer upon layer, the polymeric particles are selectively impregnated with two different inks and then fused and consolidated by an infrared (IR) lamp. Much faster than other AM techniques for polymers, MJF has shown exciting potentialities. However, little is known about the consolidation mechanisms acting in MJF and about the effect on the properties of the finished parts of the quality of the materials, powder and inks, and of the printing conditions. The present contribution investigates these issues. The study also compares virgin PA12 powder with pure PA12, recycled PA12 for MJF and PA12 for in selective laser sintering (SLS). The powders showed slight differences. The two inks have the same composition, except for the presence of graphitic carbon. Tensile tests showed that the printed parts are isotropic. However, the deformation at break is affected by building direction of the sample. Occasionally, poor inter-layer adhesion is observed and the tensile strength and the deformation at break collapse. Printed tensile specimens are found to be representative of the material behaviour of a printed component, apart from the deformation at break which is systematically overestimated.
Disclosing the build-up mechanisms of multi jet fusion: Experimental insight into the characteristics of starting materials and finished parts / Galati, M.; Calignano, F.; Defanti, S.; Denti, L.. - In: JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING PROCESSES. - ISSN 1526-6125. - 57:(2020), pp. 244-253. [10.1016/j.jmapro.2020.06.029]