The influence of drying on the microstructure, physical and chemical properties of some tropical wood species has been investigated using thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetric (DSC), FTIR-ATR spectroscopy, mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) analysis. Eleven tropical species were used in this study. Results showed that the common Cameroonian wood species can be grouped into three classes: Ga (lightwood) with cross-linking fibers having high volume of macropores, density in the range 0.2–0.4 g cm−3 and high lignin content; Gb (medium dense) with unidirectional fibers packing, density around 0.6 g cm−3 and Gc group showing high densification of unidirectional fibers and low porosity justifying the density > 0.8 g cm−3. Both the Gb an Gc groups have less significant lignin content. A relatively high rate of drying for Ga with respect to low drying rate for Gc was observed in direct relation with their porosity of ~ 72 Vol% and ~ 36 Vol%, respectively. LTF and WG showed similar cumulative pore volume (0.44 mL g−1) with different pore size distribution: 28% and 22% of macropores, 39% and 60% of mesopores and 33% and 18% micropores, respectively. Thermal analysis revealed that lightwoods have the highest amounts of residues and lower thermal stability of chemical components than dense woods. It has been found that the degradation process of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin occurs mainly at about 200–300 °C, 300–350 °C and 350–500 °C, respectively. The group Ga with low drying rate, a low cycle of reproduction, a high volume of porosity together with large pore sizes appeared promising candidates for the design of ecological, environmental and sustainable management policy of wood transformation in developing countries and even worldwide.

Microstructure and physico-chemical transformation of some common woods from Cameroon during drying / Nouemsi Soubgui, E.; Tene Fongang, R. T.; Kamseu, E.; Oum Lissouck, R.; Andreola, F.; Boubakar, L.; Rossignol, S.; Leonelli, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY. - ISSN 1388-6150. - (2020), pp. 1-16.

Microstructure and physico-chemical transformation of some common woods from Cameroon during drying

Kamseu E.
;
Andreola F.
Investigation
;
Leonelli C.
Supervision
2020

Abstract

The influence of drying on the microstructure, physical and chemical properties of some tropical wood species has been investigated using thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetric (DSC), FTIR-ATR spectroscopy, mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) analysis. Eleven tropical species were used in this study. Results showed that the common Cameroonian wood species can be grouped into three classes: Ga (lightwood) with cross-linking fibers having high volume of macropores, density in the range 0.2–0.4 g cm−3 and high lignin content; Gb (medium dense) with unidirectional fibers packing, density around 0.6 g cm−3 and Gc group showing high densification of unidirectional fibers and low porosity justifying the density > 0.8 g cm−3. Both the Gb an Gc groups have less significant lignin content. A relatively high rate of drying for Ga with respect to low drying rate for Gc was observed in direct relation with their porosity of ~ 72 Vol% and ~ 36 Vol%, respectively. LTF and WG showed similar cumulative pore volume (0.44 mL g−1) with different pore size distribution: 28% and 22% of macropores, 39% and 60% of mesopores and 33% and 18% micropores, respectively. Thermal analysis revealed that lightwoods have the highest amounts of residues and lower thermal stability of chemical components than dense woods. It has been found that the degradation process of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin occurs mainly at about 200–300 °C, 300–350 °C and 350–500 °C, respectively. The group Ga with low drying rate, a low cycle of reproduction, a high volume of porosity together with large pore sizes appeared promising candidates for the design of ecological, environmental and sustainable management policy of wood transformation in developing countries and even worldwide.
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Microstructure and physico-chemical transformation of some common woods from Cameroon during drying / Nouemsi Soubgui, E.; Tene Fongang, R. T.; Kamseu, E.; Oum Lissouck, R.; Andreola, F.; Boubakar, L.; Rossignol, S.; Leonelli, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY. - ISSN 1388-6150. - (2020), pp. 1-16.
Nouemsi Soubgui, E.; Tene Fongang, R. T.; Kamseu, E.; Oum Lissouck, R.; Andreola, F.; Boubakar, L.; Rossignol, S.; Leonelli, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1208090
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