Degradation of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) layers by molten CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 (CMAS)-based deposits is an important failure mode of thermal barrier coating (TBC) systems in modern gas turbines. The present work aimed to understand how the chemical purity and microstructure of plasma-sprayed YSZ layers affect their response to CMAS corrosion. To this end, isothermal corrosion tests (1 h at 1250 °C) were performed on four different kinds of YSZ coatings: atmospheric plasma-sprayed (APS) layers obtained from standard- and high-purity feedstock powders, a dense – vertically cracked (DVC) layer, and a suspension plasma sprayed (SPS) one. Characterization of corroded and non-corroded samples by FEG-SEM, EBSD and micro-Raman spectroscopy techniques reveals that, whilst all YSZ samples suffered grain-boundary corrosion by molten CMAS, its extent could vary considerably. High chemical purity limits the extent of grain-boundary dissolution by molten CMAS, whereas high porosity and/or fine crystalline grain structure lead to more severe degradation.
CMAS corrosion of YSZ thermal barrier coatings obtained by different thermal spray processes / Morelli, S.; Testa, V.; Bolelli, G.; Ligabue, O.; Molinari, E.; Antolotti, N.; Lusvarghi, L.. - In: JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY. - ISSN 0955-2219. - 40:12(2020), pp. 4084-4100. [10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2020.04.058]