BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor neurological disorder characterized by paraesthesia, dysaesthesia and the irresistible urge to move the legs especially at night. Its prevalence is much higher among dialysis patients at 12 to 62% compared to 3 to 9% in the general population. Here, we investigated the association between RLS and cardiovascular events risk and laboratory parameters in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients on dialysis. METHODS: One hundred ESKD patients undergoing haemodialysis were enrolled in an 18-month prospective observational study. The main outcomes were the associations of RLS with new cardiovascular events and cardiovascular mortality. RESULTS: RLS affected 31% of the study population. It was associated with female gender, gradual reduction in residual diuresis, lower albumin (P = 0.039) and inflammation, but not the dialysis parameters Kt/V and URR. During observation, 47% of patients experienced new cardiovascular events (64.5% with and 39.1% without RLS; P = 0.019). New cardiovascular events increased with severity of RLS [intermittent (I-RLS) vs continuous (C-RLS)]. Mortality was 20.0% in all patients, 32.3% in those with and 14.5% in patients without RLS (P = 0.04). In patients with I-RLS, mortality was 23.8% compared to 55.6% in patients with C-RLS (P = 0.014). Multivariate analysis confirmed the relationship between RLS and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed the high prevalence of RLS among dialysis patients and the associations between the severity of RLS and the risk of new cardiovascular events and higher short-term mortality.

Restless legs syndrome enhances cardiovascular risk and mortality in patients with end-stage kidney disease undergoing long-term haemodialysis treatment / LA MANNA, Gaetano; Pizza, Fabio; Persici, Elisa; Baraldi, Olga; Comai, Giorgia; Cappuccilli, Maria; Centofanti, Francesca; Carretta, Elisa; Plazzi, Giuseppe; Colì, L; Montagna, P; Stefoni, Sergio. - In: NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 0931-0509. - 26:6(2011), pp. 1976-1983. [10.1093/ndt/gfq681]

Restless legs syndrome enhances cardiovascular risk and mortality in patients with end-stage kidney disease undergoing long-term haemodialysis treatment

CARRETTA, ELISA;PLAZZI, GIUSEPPE;
2011

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor neurological disorder characterized by paraesthesia, dysaesthesia and the irresistible urge to move the legs especially at night. Its prevalence is much higher among dialysis patients at 12 to 62% compared to 3 to 9% in the general population. Here, we investigated the association between RLS and cardiovascular events risk and laboratory parameters in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients on dialysis. METHODS: One hundred ESKD patients undergoing haemodialysis were enrolled in an 18-month prospective observational study. The main outcomes were the associations of RLS with new cardiovascular events and cardiovascular mortality. RESULTS: RLS affected 31% of the study population. It was associated with female gender, gradual reduction in residual diuresis, lower albumin (P = 0.039) and inflammation, but not the dialysis parameters Kt/V and URR. During observation, 47% of patients experienced new cardiovascular events (64.5% with and 39.1% without RLS; P = 0.019). New cardiovascular events increased with severity of RLS [intermittent (I-RLS) vs continuous (C-RLS)]. Mortality was 20.0% in all patients, 32.3% in those with and 14.5% in patients without RLS (P = 0.04). In patients with I-RLS, mortality was 23.8% compared to 55.6% in patients with C-RLS (P = 0.014). Multivariate analysis confirmed the relationship between RLS and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed the high prevalence of RLS among dialysis patients and the associations between the severity of RLS and the risk of new cardiovascular events and higher short-term mortality.
2011
26
6
1976
1983
Restless legs syndrome enhances cardiovascular risk and mortality in patients with end-stage kidney disease undergoing long-term haemodialysis treatment / LA MANNA, Gaetano; Pizza, Fabio; Persici, Elisa; Baraldi, Olga; Comai, Giorgia; Cappuccilli, Maria; Centofanti, Francesca; Carretta, Elisa; Plazzi, Giuseppe; Colì, L; Montagna, P; Stefoni, Sergio. - In: NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 0931-0509. - 26:6(2011), pp. 1976-1983. [10.1093/ndt/gfq681]
LA MANNA, Gaetano; Pizza, Fabio; Persici, Elisa; Baraldi, Olga; Comai, Giorgia; Cappuccilli, Maria; Centofanti, Francesca; Carretta, Elisa; Plazzi, Gi...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1206025
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