PEGylated polylysine peptides of the general structure PEG30 kDa-Cys-Trp-LysN (N = 10 to 30) were used to form fully condensed plasmid DNA (pGL3) polyplexes at a ratio of 1 nmol of peptide per μg of DNA (ranging from N:P 3:1 to 10:1 depending on Lys repeat). Co-administration of 5 to 80 nmols of excess PEG-peptide with fully formed polyplexes inhibited the liver uptake of 125I-pGL3-polyplexes. The percent inhibition was dependent on the PEG-peptide dose and was saturable, consistent with inhibition of scavenger receptors. The scavenger receptor inhibition potency of PEG-peptides was dependent on the length of the Lys repeat, which increased 10-fold when comparing PEG30 kDa-Cys-Trp-Lys10 (IC50 of 20.2 μM) with PEG30 kDa-Cys-Trp-Lys25 (IC50 of 2.1 μM). We hypothesize that PEG-peptides inhibit scavenger receptors by spontaneously forming small 40 to 60 nm albumin nanoparticles that bind to and saturate the receptor. Scavenger receptor inhibition delayed the metabolism of pGL3-polyplexes, resulting in efficient gene expression in liver hepatocytes following delayed hydrodynamic dosing. PEG-peptides represent a new class of scavenger inhibitors that will likely have broad utility in blocking unwanted liver uptake and metabolism of a variety of nanoparticles.

Structure-Activity Relationship of PEGylated Polylysine Peptides as Scavenger Receptor Inhibitors for Non-Viral Gene Delivery / Baumhover, N. J.; Duskey, J. T.; Khargharia, S.; White, C. W.; Crowley, S. T.; Allen, R. J.; Rice, K. G.. - In: MOLECULAR PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 1543-8384. - 12:12(2015), pp. 4321-4328. [10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.5b00513]

Structure-Activity Relationship of PEGylated Polylysine Peptides as Scavenger Receptor Inhibitors for Non-Viral Gene Delivery

Duskey J. T.;
2015

Abstract

PEGylated polylysine peptides of the general structure PEG30 kDa-Cys-Trp-LysN (N = 10 to 30) were used to form fully condensed plasmid DNA (pGL3) polyplexes at a ratio of 1 nmol of peptide per μg of DNA (ranging from N:P 3:1 to 10:1 depending on Lys repeat). Co-administration of 5 to 80 nmols of excess PEG-peptide with fully formed polyplexes inhibited the liver uptake of 125I-pGL3-polyplexes. The percent inhibition was dependent on the PEG-peptide dose and was saturable, consistent with inhibition of scavenger receptors. The scavenger receptor inhibition potency of PEG-peptides was dependent on the length of the Lys repeat, which increased 10-fold when comparing PEG30 kDa-Cys-Trp-Lys10 (IC50 of 20.2 μM) with PEG30 kDa-Cys-Trp-Lys25 (IC50 of 2.1 μM). We hypothesize that PEG-peptides inhibit scavenger receptors by spontaneously forming small 40 to 60 nm albumin nanoparticles that bind to and saturate the receptor. Scavenger receptor inhibition delayed the metabolism of pGL3-polyplexes, resulting in efficient gene expression in liver hepatocytes following delayed hydrodynamic dosing. PEG-peptides represent a new class of scavenger inhibitors that will likely have broad utility in blocking unwanted liver uptake and metabolism of a variety of nanoparticles.
2015
12
12
4321
4328
Structure-Activity Relationship of PEGylated Polylysine Peptides as Scavenger Receptor Inhibitors for Non-Viral Gene Delivery / Baumhover, N. J.; Duskey, J. T.; Khargharia, S.; White, C. W.; Crowley, S. T.; Allen, R. J.; Rice, K. G.. - In: MOLECULAR PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 1543-8384. - 12:12(2015), pp. 4321-4328. [10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.5b00513]
Baumhover, N. J.; Duskey, J. T.; Khargharia, S.; White, C. W.; Crowley, S. T.; Allen, R. J.; Rice, K. G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1205682
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