Introduction: Reconstruction of the nipple areola complex (NAC) is the final and easier step of breast reconstruction. However, surgeons, especially if trainees, typically have not developed tattoo skills during their training. The aim of this report is to share advice developed in our clinical practice that would minimize patient complaints and complications while performing NAC tattoos. Methods: From January 2016 to May 2018, reconstruction of NAC was performed in 48 consecutive patients. Nipple reconstruction was performed initially using skin flaps and this was followed three to eight months later by NAC tattooing. We analyzed medical reports at 12 months follow-up where we usually record patient satisfaction (very satisfied, satisfied, dissatisfied) and every patient's complaint or complication. Results: Thirty-two patients (67%) were very satisfied of NAC tattooing, twelve patients (25%) satisfied, while four patients (8%) dissatisfied. Patients complained for not having involved in choosing color, areas without sufficient pigment, extreme darkness of the tattooed NAC and artificial look. Conclusion: Tattooing is a simple and safe procedure, with a high satisfaction rate. Based on our experience, despite some technical aspects have to be considered, it is a procedure that can be safely performed by plastic surgical trainees.
Tattooing of the nipple-areola complex: What not to do. A case series / Starnoni, M.; Baccarani, A.; Pinelli, M.; Pedone, A.; De Santis, G.. - In: ANNALS OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY. - ISSN 2049-0801. - 55(2020), pp. 305-307.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Titolo:||Tattooing of the nipple-areola complex: What not to do. A case series|
|Autore/i:||Starnoni, M.; Baccarani, A.; Pinelli, M.; Pedone, A.; De Santis, G.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu.2020.05.041|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85085954447|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||32551103|
|Citazione:||Tattooing of the nipple-areola complex: What not to do. A case series / Starnoni, M.; Baccarani, A.; Pinelli, M.; Pedone, A.; De Santis, G.. - In: ANNALS OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY. - ISSN 2049-0801. - 55(2020), pp. 305-307.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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