Background: Bone health is underdiagnosed and undermanaged in men. Bone loss occurs in men with hypogonadism and in aging men. Thus, patients with a diagno- sis of late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) are at risk of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. Objectives: To provide an update on research data and clinical implications regarding bone health in men with LOH by reviewing literature articles on this issue. Materials and Methods: A thorough search of listed publications in PubMed on bone health in older men with hypogonadism was performed, and other articles derived from these publications were further identified. Results: Late-onset Hypogonadism may be associated with reduced bone mineral density (BMD). In a pathophysiological perspective, the detrimental effects of testos- terone (T) deficiency on BMD are partly ascribed to relative estrogen deficiency and both serum T and serum estradiol (E2) need to be above 200 ng/dL and 20 pg/mL to prevent bone loss. The effects of exogenous T on BMD are controversial, but most of the studies confirm that testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) increases BMD and prevents further bone loss in men with hypogonadism. No data are available on TRT and the prevention of fractures. Discussion and Conclusion: In men with documented LOH, a specific clinical workup should be addressed to the diagnosis of osteoporosis in order to program subsequent follow-up and consider specific bone active therapy. TRT should be started according to guidelines of male hypogonadism while keeping in mind that it may also have posi- tive effects also on bone health in men with LOH.
Late-onset Hypogonadism: bone health / Rochira, Vincenzo. - In: ANDROLOGY. - ISSN 2047-2927. - 0:0(2020), pp. 1-10.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Titolo:||Late-onset Hypogonadism: bone health.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/andr.12827|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||32469467|
|Citazione:||Late-onset Hypogonadism: bone health / Rochira, Vincenzo. - In: ANDROLOGY. - ISSN 2047-2927. - 0:0(2020), pp. 1-10.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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