The intake of macronutrients is crucial for the fitness of any animal and is mainly regulated by peripheral signals to the brain. How the brain receives and translates these peripheral signals or how these interactions lead to changes in feeding behavior is not well-understood. We discovered that 2 crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP)-expressing neurons in Drosophila adults regulate feeding behavior and metabolism. Notably, loss of CCAP, or knocking down the CCAP receptor (CCAP-R) in 2 dorsal median neurons, inhibits the release of neuropeptide F (NPF), which regulates feeding behavior. Furthermore, under starvation conditions, flies normally have an increased sensitivity to sugar; however, loss of CCAP, or CCAP-R in 2 dorsal median NPF neurons, inhibited sugar sensitivity in satiated and starved flies. Separate from its regulation of NPF signaling, the CCAP peptide also regulates triglyceride levels. Additionally, genetic and optogenetic studies demonstrate that CCAP signaling is necessary and sufficient to stimulate a reflexive feeding behavior, the proboscis extension reflex (PER), elicited when external food cues are interpreted as palatable. Dopaminergic signaling was also sufficient to induce a PER. On the other hand, although necessary, NPF neurons were not able to induce a PER. These data illustrate that the CCAP peptide is a central regulator of feeding behavior and metabolism in adult flies, and that NPF neurons have an important regulatory role within this system.

CCAP regulates feeding behavior via the NPF pathway in Drosophila adults / Williams, M. J.; Akram, M.; Barkauskaite, D.; Patil, S.; Kotsidou, E.; Kheder, S.; Vitale, G.; Filaferro, M.; Blemings, S. W.; Maestri, G.; Hazim, N.; Vergoni, A. V.; Schioth, H. B.. - In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. - ISSN 0027-8424. - 117:13(2020), pp. 7401-7408. [10.1073/pnas.1914037117]

CCAP regulates feeding behavior via the NPF pathway in Drosophila adults

Vitale G.;Filaferro M.;Maestri G.;Vergoni A. V.;
2020

Abstract

The intake of macronutrients is crucial for the fitness of any animal and is mainly regulated by peripheral signals to the brain. How the brain receives and translates these peripheral signals or how these interactions lead to changes in feeding behavior is not well-understood. We discovered that 2 crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP)-expressing neurons in Drosophila adults regulate feeding behavior and metabolism. Notably, loss of CCAP, or knocking down the CCAP receptor (CCAP-R) in 2 dorsal median neurons, inhibits the release of neuropeptide F (NPF), which regulates feeding behavior. Furthermore, under starvation conditions, flies normally have an increased sensitivity to sugar; however, loss of CCAP, or CCAP-R in 2 dorsal median NPF neurons, inhibited sugar sensitivity in satiated and starved flies. Separate from its regulation of NPF signaling, the CCAP peptide also regulates triglyceride levels. Additionally, genetic and optogenetic studies demonstrate that CCAP signaling is necessary and sufficient to stimulate a reflexive feeding behavior, the proboscis extension reflex (PER), elicited when external food cues are interpreted as palatable. Dopaminergic signaling was also sufficient to induce a PER. On the other hand, although necessary, NPF neurons were not able to induce a PER. These data illustrate that the CCAP peptide is a central regulator of feeding behavior and metabolism in adult flies, and that NPF neurons have an important regulatory role within this system.
2020
117
13
7401
7408
CCAP regulates feeding behavior via the NPF pathway in Drosophila adults / Williams, M. J.; Akram, M.; Barkauskaite, D.; Patil, S.; Kotsidou, E.; Kheder, S.; Vitale, G.; Filaferro, M.; Blemings, S. W.; Maestri, G.; Hazim, N.; Vergoni, A. V.; Schioth, H. B.. - In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. - ISSN 0027-8424. - 117:13(2020), pp. 7401-7408. [10.1073/pnas.1914037117]
Williams, M. J.; Akram, M.; Barkauskaite, D.; Patil, S.; Kotsidou, E.; Kheder, S.; Vitale, G.; Filaferro, M.; Blemings, S. W.; Maestri, G.; Hazim, N.;...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1204002
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