Objective: To determine if the diabetes-specific health-related quality of life (D-HRQOL) of young people with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and their parents is influenced by migrant status. Subjects and methods: One hundred and twenty-five patients (12.4±3.55 years, males 53.6%) with T1D and their parents (102 mothers, 37 fathers) were enrolled and categorized into: Group A (both foreign parents) and Group B (both native Italian parents). The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 3.0 Diabetes Module (PedsQL™ 3.0 DM) was used to evaluate the D-HRQOL. Data on diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at T1D onset, insulin therapy, and glycosylate hemoglobin (HbA1c) were also collected. Results: Group A (n=40), compared to Group B (n=85), had higher frequency of DKA at T1D onset (p<0.001) and a lower use of sensor augmented insulin pump (p=0.015). HbA1c values were higher in Group A than in Group B (p<0.001). Patients' "Diabetes symptoms" (p=0.004), "Treatment barriers" (p=0.001), and "Worry" (p=0.009) scales scores were lower in Group A than in Group B. Mothers of Group A had lower scores in "Diabetes symptoms" (p=0.030), "Treatment barriers" (p<0.001), "Treatment adherence" (p=0.018), "Communication" (p=0.009) scales, and total score (p=0.011) compared to the Group B ones. High PedsQL™ 3.0 DM was significantly associated with being Italian, being pre-pubertal, and having lower HbA1c mean levels. Conclusions: Being a migrant confers disadvantages in terms of D-HRQOL and metabolic control in children and adolescents with T1D. Specific educational interventions should be considered in the clinical care of patients with migration background, to improve D-HRQOL and health status.

Health-Related Quality of Life and Metabolic Control in Immigrant and Italian Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes and in their Parents / Predieri, Barbara; Bruzzi, Patrizia; Bigi, Elena; Boncompagni, Alessandra; Bocchi, Federica; Cenciarelli, Valentina; Madeo, Simona F; Poluzzi, Silvia; Pugliese, Marisa; Toffoli, Carlotta; Lucaccioni, Laura; Iughetti, Lorenzo. - In: PEDIATRIC DIABETES. - ISSN 1399-543X. - 21:6(2020), pp. 1031-1042. [10.1111/pedi.13042]

Health-Related Quality of Life and Metabolic Control in Immigrant and Italian Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes and in their Parents

Predieri, Barbara
;
Bruzzi, Patrizia;Bigi, Elena;Boncompagni, Alessandra;Bocchi, Federica;Cenciarelli, Valentina;Madeo, Simona F;Poluzzi, Silvia;Pugliese, Marisa;Toffoli, Carlotta;Lucaccioni, Laura;Iughetti, Lorenzo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To determine if the diabetes-specific health-related quality of life (D-HRQOL) of young people with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and their parents is influenced by migrant status. Subjects and methods: One hundred and twenty-five patients (12.4±3.55 years, males 53.6%) with T1D and their parents (102 mothers, 37 fathers) were enrolled and categorized into: Group A (both foreign parents) and Group B (both native Italian parents). The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 3.0 Diabetes Module (PedsQL™ 3.0 DM) was used to evaluate the D-HRQOL. Data on diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at T1D onset, insulin therapy, and glycosylate hemoglobin (HbA1c) were also collected. Results: Group A (n=40), compared to Group B (n=85), had higher frequency of DKA at T1D onset (p<0.001) and a lower use of sensor augmented insulin pump (p=0.015). HbA1c values were higher in Group A than in Group B (p<0.001). Patients' "Diabetes symptoms" (p=0.004), "Treatment barriers" (p=0.001), and "Worry" (p=0.009) scales scores were lower in Group A than in Group B. Mothers of Group A had lower scores in "Diabetes symptoms" (p=0.030), "Treatment barriers" (p<0.001), "Treatment adherence" (p=0.018), "Communication" (p=0.009) scales, and total score (p=0.011) compared to the Group B ones. High PedsQL™ 3.0 DM was significantly associated with being Italian, being pre-pubertal, and having lower HbA1c mean levels. Conclusions: Being a migrant confers disadvantages in terms of D-HRQOL and metabolic control in children and adolescents with T1D. Specific educational interventions should be considered in the clinical care of patients with migration background, to improve D-HRQOL and health status.
31-mag-2020
21
6
1031
1042
Health-Related Quality of Life and Metabolic Control in Immigrant and Italian Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes and in their Parents / Predieri, Barbara; Bruzzi, Patrizia; Bigi, Elena; Boncompagni, Alessandra; Bocchi, Federica; Cenciarelli, Valentina; Madeo, Simona F; Poluzzi, Silvia; Pugliese, Marisa; Toffoli, Carlotta; Lucaccioni, Laura; Iughetti, Lorenzo. - In: PEDIATRIC DIABETES. - ISSN 1399-543X. - 21:6(2020), pp. 1031-1042. [10.1111/pedi.13042]
Predieri, Barbara; Bruzzi, Patrizia; Bigi, Elena; Boncompagni, Alessandra; Bocchi, Federica; Cenciarelli, Valentina; Madeo, Simona F; Poluzzi, Silvia; Pugliese, Marisa; Toffoli, Carlotta; Lucaccioni, Laura; Iughetti, Lorenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1203329
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