Background: Inflammatory myofibroblast tumor (IMT) is a rare tumor with obscure etiopathogenesis in which different inflammatory cells and myofibroblastic spindle cells are seen histologically. Although the majority of these neoplasms have a benign clinical course, the malignant form has also been reported. The gold standard is surgical treatment for complete removal. Our report describes a 50-year-old woman who underwent surgery for IMT of the lung. The aim is to determine whether cancer stem cells may be present in IMT of the lung. Methods: In April 2018, the patient underwent surgery for tumor mass asportation through lateral thoracotomy. The histology of the tumor was consistent with IMT of the lung. The ALDEFLUOR assay, after tissue digestion, was used to identify and sort human lung cancer cells expressing high and low aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity. SOX2, NANOG, OCT-4, and c-MYC positivity were additionally determined by immunohistochemistry. Results: The specimen contained 1.10% ALDHhigh cells among all viable lung cancer cells, which indicates the population of cancer stem cells is not negligible. Immunohistochemically assessed cell positivity for ALDH1A1, SOX2, NANOG, OCT-4, and c-MYC, which are considered as lung cancer stem-like cells markers. Conclusion: For the first time, we demonstrated the presence of cancer stem cells in a case of IMT of the lung. This finding may provide a base for considering new pathological and molecular aspects of this tumor. This perspective suggests further studies to understand the possibility of developing recurrence depending on the presence of cancer stem cells.

Cancer Stem-Like Cells in a Case of an Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Lung / Masciale, Valentina; Grisendi, Giulia; Banchelli, Federico; D'Amico, Roberto; Maiorana, Antonino; Sighinolfi, Pamela; Brugioni, Lucio; Stefani, Alessandro; Morandi, Uliano; Dominici, Massimo; Aramini, Beatrice. - In: FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 2234-943X. - 10:(2020), pp. 1-7. [10.3389/fonc.2020.00673]

Cancer Stem-Like Cells in a Case of an Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Lung.

Valentina Masciale
Data Curation
;
Giulia Grisendi
Conceptualization
;
Federico Banchelli
Formal Analysis
;
Roberto D'Amico
Methodology
;
Antonino Maiorana
Supervision
;
Pamela Sighinolfi
Resources
;
Alessandro Stefani
Resources
;
Uliano Morandi
Supervision
;
Massimo Dominici
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Beatrice Aramini
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2020

Abstract

Background: Inflammatory myofibroblast tumor (IMT) is a rare tumor with obscure etiopathogenesis in which different inflammatory cells and myofibroblastic spindle cells are seen histologically. Although the majority of these neoplasms have a benign clinical course, the malignant form has also been reported. The gold standard is surgical treatment for complete removal. Our report describes a 50-year-old woman who underwent surgery for IMT of the lung. The aim is to determine whether cancer stem cells may be present in IMT of the lung. Methods: In April 2018, the patient underwent surgery for tumor mass asportation through lateral thoracotomy. The histology of the tumor was consistent with IMT of the lung. The ALDEFLUOR assay, after tissue digestion, was used to identify and sort human lung cancer cells expressing high and low aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity. SOX2, NANOG, OCT-4, and c-MYC positivity were additionally determined by immunohistochemistry. Results: The specimen contained 1.10% ALDHhigh cells among all viable lung cancer cells, which indicates the population of cancer stem cells is not negligible. Immunohistochemically assessed cell positivity for ALDH1A1, SOX2, NANOG, OCT-4, and c-MYC, which are considered as lung cancer stem-like cells markers. Conclusion: For the first time, we demonstrated the presence of cancer stem cells in a case of IMT of the lung. This finding may provide a base for considering new pathological and molecular aspects of this tumor. This perspective suggests further studies to understand the possibility of developing recurrence depending on the presence of cancer stem cells.
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Cancer Stem-Like Cells in a Case of an Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Lung / Masciale, Valentina; Grisendi, Giulia; Banchelli, Federico; D'Amico, Roberto; Maiorana, Antonino; Sighinolfi, Pamela; Brugioni, Lucio; Stefani, Alessandro; Morandi, Uliano; Dominici, Massimo; Aramini, Beatrice. - In: FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 2234-943X. - 10:(2020), pp. 1-7. [10.3389/fonc.2020.00673]
Masciale, Valentina; Grisendi, Giulia; Banchelli, Federico; D'Amico, Roberto; Maiorana, Antonino; Sighinolfi, Pamela; Brugioni, Lucio; Stefani, Alessandro; Morandi, Uliano; Dominici, Massimo; Aramini, Beatrice
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1202473
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