Rationale: The role of inspiratory effort has still to be determined as a potential predictors of non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) failure in acute hypoxic de novo respiratory failure (AHRF). Objectives: We explore the hypothesis that inspiratory effort might be a major determinant of NIV failure in these patients. Methods: Thirty consecutive patients with AHRF admitted to a single center and candidates for a 24-hour NIV trial were enrolled. Clinical features, tidal changes in esophageal (ΔPes) and dynamic transpulmonary pressure (ΔPL), expiratory tidal volume, and respiratory rate were recorded on admission and 2-4-12-24 hours after NIV start, and were tested for correlation with outcomes. Measurements and Main Results: ΔPes and ΔPes/ΔPL were significantly lower 2 hours after NIV start in patients who successfully completed the NIV trial (n=18) compared to those who needed endotracheal intubation (n=12) [median=11 (IQR=8–15) cmH2O vs 31.5 (30–36) cmH2O, p<0.0001] while other variables differed later. ΔPes was not related to other predictors of NIV failure at baseline. NIV-induced reduction in ΔPes of 10 cmH2O or more after 2 hours of treatment was strongly associated to avoidance of intubation, and represented the most accurate predictor of treatment success (OR=15, 95%CI 2.8-110, p=0.001, AUC=0.97, 95%CI 0.91–1, p<0.0001). Conclusions: The magnitude of inspiratory effort relief as assessed by ΔPes variation within the first 2 hours of NIV was an early and accurate predictor of NIV outcome at 24 hours.

Early inspiratory effort assessment by esophageal manometry early predicts noninvasive ventilation outcome in de novo respiratory failure: a pilot study / Tonelli, Roberto; Fantini, Riccardo; Tabbì, Luca; Castaniere, Ivana; Pisani, Lara; Pellegrino, Maria Rosaria; Della Casa, Giovanni; D'Amico, Roberto; Girardis, Massimo; Nava, Stefano; Clini, Enrico M.; Marchioni, Alessandro. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE. - ISSN 1073-449X. - 202:4(2020), pp. 558-567. [10.1164/rccm.201912-2512OC]

Early inspiratory effort assessment by esophageal manometry early predicts noninvasive ventilation outcome in de novo respiratory failure: a pilot study.

Roberto Tonelli;Riccardo Fantini;Ivana Castaniere;Maria Rosaria Pellegrino;Giovanni Della Casa;Roberto D’Amico;Massimo Girardis;Enrico M. Clini
;
Alessandro Marchioni
2020

Abstract

Rationale: The role of inspiratory effort has still to be determined as a potential predictors of non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) failure in acute hypoxic de novo respiratory failure (AHRF). Objectives: We explore the hypothesis that inspiratory effort might be a major determinant of NIV failure in these patients. Methods: Thirty consecutive patients with AHRF admitted to a single center and candidates for a 24-hour NIV trial were enrolled. Clinical features, tidal changes in esophageal (ΔPes) and dynamic transpulmonary pressure (ΔPL), expiratory tidal volume, and respiratory rate were recorded on admission and 2-4-12-24 hours after NIV start, and were tested for correlation with outcomes. Measurements and Main Results: ΔPes and ΔPes/ΔPL were significantly lower 2 hours after NIV start in patients who successfully completed the NIV trial (n=18) compared to those who needed endotracheal intubation (n=12) [median=11 (IQR=8–15) cmH2O vs 31.5 (30–36) cmH2O, p<0.0001] while other variables differed later. ΔPes was not related to other predictors of NIV failure at baseline. NIV-induced reduction in ΔPes of 10 cmH2O or more after 2 hours of treatment was strongly associated to avoidance of intubation, and represented the most accurate predictor of treatment success (OR=15, 95%CI 2.8-110, p=0.001, AUC=0.97, 95%CI 0.91–1, p<0.0001). Conclusions: The magnitude of inspiratory effort relief as assessed by ΔPes variation within the first 2 hours of NIV was an early and accurate predictor of NIV outcome at 24 hours.
24-apr-2020
202
4
558
567
Early inspiratory effort assessment by esophageal manometry early predicts noninvasive ventilation outcome in de novo respiratory failure: a pilot study / Tonelli, Roberto; Fantini, Riccardo; Tabbì, Luca; Castaniere, Ivana; Pisani, Lara; Pellegrino, Maria Rosaria; Della Casa, Giovanni; D'Amico, Roberto; Girardis, Massimo; Nava, Stefano; Clini, Enrico M.; Marchioni, Alessandro. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE. - ISSN 1073-449X. - 202:4(2020), pp. 558-567. [10.1164/rccm.201912-2512OC]
Tonelli, Roberto; Fantini, Riccardo; Tabbì, Luca; Castaniere, Ivana; Pisani, Lara; Pellegrino, Maria Rosaria; Della Casa, Giovanni; D'Amico, Roberto; Girardis, Massimo; Nava, Stefano; Clini, Enrico M.; Marchioni, Alessandro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1201446
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