Specific oligonucleotide probes and in situ hybridization histochemistry were used to study the ontogeny and regulation of the mRNAs for proenkephalin A and preprosomatostatin in rat brain. In adult brain the most intense hybridization signal for the proenkephalin A mRNA was in caudate putamen, nucleus accumbens and olfactory tubercle. By contrast, the hybridization signal for preprosomatostatin mRNA was more diffusely scattered throughout the brain, with high signals in the neocortex, olfactory bulb and hippocampal formation. Studies of the ontogeny of these mRNAs revealed a different pattern of ontogenetic expression and differential regulation by dopaminergic input. The mRNA for preprosomatostatin reached the highest level within the first postnatal week, whereas proenkephalin A mRNA progressively increased throughout the entire period studied. In addition the proenkephalin A mRNA showed a medial to lateral gradient in 2-day-old rat striatum which disappeared with increasing age, whereas preprosomatostatin mRNA increased in most brain areas in a fairly uniform fashion with increasing age. Treatment of newborn rats with 6-hydroxydopamine increased the expression of proenkephalin A mRNA by 1.6 fold but had no effect on the expression of preprosomatostatin mRNA. The 6-hydroxydopamine-induced change in proenkephalin A mRNA expression was not observed until postnatal day 32, indicating that enkephalin-containing neurons of the developing striatum are relatively insensitive to dopamine input and that they cannot compensate for the neonatal lesion, despite the fact that the insult was given in a period of high plasticity of the neural tissue.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Titolo:||DIFFERENTIAL ONTOGENIC EXPRESSION AND REGULATION OF PROENKEPHALIN AND PREPROSOMATOSTATIN MESSENGER-RNAS IN RAT CAUDATE-PUTAMEN AS STUDIED BY INSITU HYBRIDIZATION HISTOCHEMISTRY|
|Autori:||CIMINO M; ZOLI M; WEISS B|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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