Initially discovered as a protease responsible for degradation of misfolded or damaged proteins, the mitochondrial Lon protease (Lonp1) turned out to be a multifaceted enzyme, that displays at least three different functions (proteolysis, chaperone activity, binding of mtDNA) and that finely regulates several cellular processes, within and without mitochondria. Indeed, LONP1 in humans is ubiquitously expressed, and is involved in regulation of response to oxidative stress and, heat shock, in the maintenance of mtDNA, in the regulation of mitophagy. Furthermore, its proteolytic activity can regulate several biochemical pathways occurring totally or partially within mitochondria, such as TCA cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, steroid and heme biosynthesis and glutamine production. Because of these multiple activities, Lon protease is highly conserved throughout evolution, and mutations occurring in its gene determines severe diseases in humans, including a rare syndrome characterized by Cerebral, Ocular, Dental, Auricular and Skeletal anomalies (CODAS). Finally, alterations of LONP1 regulation in humans can favor tumor progression and aggressiveness, further highlighting the crucial role of this enzyme in mitochondrial and cellular homeostasis.

The biology of Lonp1: More than a mitochondrial protease / Gibellinia, Lara; De Gaetano, Anna; Mandrioli, Mauro; Van Tongeren, Elia; Bortolotti, Carlo Augusto; Cossarizza, Andrea; Pinti, Marcello. - 354:(2020), pp. 1-61. [10.1016/bs.ircmb.2020.02.005]

The biology of Lonp1: More than a mitochondrial protease

Anna De Gaetano;Mauro Mandrioli;Carlo Augusto Bortolotti;Andrea Cossarizza;Marcello Pinti
2020

Abstract

Initially discovered as a protease responsible for degradation of misfolded or damaged proteins, the mitochondrial Lon protease (Lonp1) turned out to be a multifaceted enzyme, that displays at least three different functions (proteolysis, chaperone activity, binding of mtDNA) and that finely regulates several cellular processes, within and without mitochondria. Indeed, LONP1 in humans is ubiquitously expressed, and is involved in regulation of response to oxidative stress and, heat shock, in the maintenance of mtDNA, in the regulation of mitophagy. Furthermore, its proteolytic activity can regulate several biochemical pathways occurring totally or partially within mitochondria, such as TCA cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, steroid and heme biosynthesis and glutamine production. Because of these multiple activities, Lon protease is highly conserved throughout evolution, and mutations occurring in its gene determines severe diseases in humans, including a rare syndrome characterized by Cerebral, Ocular, Dental, Auricular and Skeletal anomalies (CODAS). Finally, alterations of LONP1 regulation in humans can favor tumor progression and aggressiveness, further highlighting the crucial role of this enzyme in mitochondrial and cellular homeostasis.
International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology
978-0-12-819927-5
Elsevier
The biology of Lonp1: More than a mitochondrial protease / Gibellinia, Lara; De Gaetano, Anna; Mandrioli, Mauro; Van Tongeren, Elia; Bortolotti, Carlo Augusto; Cossarizza, Andrea; Pinti, Marcello. - 354:(2020), pp. 1-61. [10.1016/bs.ircmb.2020.02.005]
Gibellinia, Lara; De Gaetano, Anna; Mandrioli, Mauro; Van Tongeren, Elia; Bortolotti, Carlo Augusto; Cossarizza, Andrea; Pinti, Marcello
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1199782
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